Differentiation of texts like "description" on their content based on the extensional value and associated with a particular embodiment of a pragmatic perspective in their work of art. Content-rich varieties of texts, which are based on sinhronnoloheme, are the texts stating, namely, landscape description, the description of an interior-description-portrait and a description of the subject.
Typology of functional-semantic types of speech, which is a type of text such as "description" is based on the assertion of the existence of synchronization features described object reality and diachronic in the story . The text of the artistic whole description of the function of egocentric means: means of identification and reference.
Since the verbal text of a work of art is always a fundamental principle in a fictional world, the referents of this world will always be fictitious objects and situations. This demonstrates the specificity of the association as the reference language statements artwork with extra-linguistic reality in contrast to the canonical speech situation. Fictional-world of reproducible artwork creates the significance of their means of expression. One feature of the narrative lies in the fact that the verbal means must make up information that the canonical speech situation is acquired receptive communicants through the senses, perceptually.
In this regard, the use of descriptive text as the iconic character in the text of a work of art seems necessary and objectively determined. The text of the "description" as a means of identification and reference reflects a point in space-time continuum of art, which is the initial product in the context of, and to adequately position the subject of speech (speaking) to build artistic images of the characters, sequence of events, canvas and other assessments.
Identifying the function of the text type "description" allows linguistic means to express, first of all, physical, perceptual attributes of the object perceived reality, which directed attention to the speaker. In this case, in our opinion, used the genre variety extensional description: portrait description, description of the object. There is no doubt that it is by text such as "description" is nominated in more fully (as compared to verbal nomination) Human appearance and external features of the subject.
The substantial essence extensional species descriptions, and descriptions of the interior, the landscape is more consistent with the function of reference to the artistic whole, since these species belong to the description of the field of space. Suggested proved by a large number of the "description" of texts selected from the works of Russian classical and modern Russian literature.
On the linguistic similarity and difference from the fictional texts and the real world indicates EV Pas "real world there ... regardless of the text and the fictional world of the text generated by the text" [2, 224]. And as the speaker in the narrative belongs to the fictional world, the method of reference is independent of the time of writing or voicing an artistic whole. And modern texts and texts of classical literature H1H. They have the same voice identification techniques.
It is known that the nomination is already concluded component estimate. Descriptive text has its semantic structure, extensional and intentional part of the content, expressed not only information about the external characteristics of the object of reality, but also to assess opinions about him talking. For example: ( "I saw the leg). The leg was male, large, in the rough motley sock perforator bluish thumbnail. She firmly standing on the stairs near the my face, and its owner, hidden from me canopy top bunk was going to make a last effort to climb to his gallery. (I had a good look at this leg) gray in black checkered socks, purple garter Izhitsa side of the thick calf. Through long tights underpants unpleasant hairs sticking out. Generally leg was unpleasant ..
I do not know how to explain to you — this leg depressing impressed me. Variegated, soft snake. "(Vladimir Nabokov. Passenger.)
Among the intentional component descriptive text and the reader finds the opinion of the speaker on the subject of "leg unpleasant ", "gave the impression of an oppressive", "variegated, soft snake." Moreover, it is based on this impression of the plot of the story.
He believes that a criminal wanted by the police in the train, and there is a winner of this leg, and was surprised when it was not so.
In this text, there are direct references to the assessment of the speaker of the object subjected to the description. However, often expressed implicitly score. In this case, we can talk about "intentional existence of" extant as a means of expression of a property of an object reality: the choice of act ants semantic core description depends on the will of the speaker. It speaks associated for any purpose, intent, intention, selects octants and their signs, allowing one way or another present object.
"This girl is thick with large and unblinking comlex. I still do not answer the question, they are beautiful in it or not? The wide, high and down — eyes. Color — a dirt-gray. Eyelashes-on view — prickly, tough and as tar. Absolutely no need to paint. And even there is thought to make up casually lumps and now is afraid to blink, do not blink, and the other, looking at her, begins to squeak a tear from her if voltage is actually no "(G. Shcherbakova Emigration in Russian!. ).
The final appearance of the eyes of girls negatively, although the listed symptoms that alone could be defined a "plus": its size, color, framing thick lashes, but the way of presenting these signs does not create a good impression in observation as a way to supply evidence of a negative -assessment already in the extensional "complex". Intentions narrator expressed herein are defined with respect to this girl, explained further in the text: it is always suppressed the narrator ( "I"). The authority for this girl the narrator is doubtful, he instilled his mother at an early age: "Be friends with this girl. You see her all clean and sits as a person, as you pounded in a mortar. "This setting is left for life and always contrasted the two girls, and then the adults. Description is not impartial: it is bright and estimated introductive in the semantic structure of the entire story.