Уникальная природа Японии

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Аннотация

The article provides information about the unique nature of Japan. Japan differs from other countries by its wonderful nature, climate, islands, mountains and waters. 

Ключевые слова

ФУДЗИ, ЯПОНИЯ, САКУРА, ПРИРОДНЫЙ ЛАНДШАФТ, РЕКА СИНАНО, ОСТРОВ ХОККАЙДО

Текст научной работы

Japan, one of the most developed countries in the world with a thousand-year history, is distinguished by its distinct culture and traditions. When we think of Japan, the first thing that comes to mind is a country that is envious. Japan is a warm, humid island state surrounded by water, with dense forests covering 70% of its land area.

Japan's population is 120 million people. It is one of the world's few industrialized countries. Japan is a natural wonderland, with mountains, forests, rivers, and seas, as well as a diverse range of wildlife. The Japanese have always lived in harmony with nature and have the ability to feel the most whimsical and delicate aspects of nature, and they were raised with an appreciation for nature from an early age. It is not an exaggeration to say that one of the main reasons for Japan's steady development is its culture of living in harmony with nature. Please visit Japan and experience the beautiful Japanese scenery with your own eyes, as well as your body and soul.

The local natural landscape has a high degree of diversity. It was formed in a large archipelago with many Stratovulkanov from Japan. Volcanic activity at 4-6 points around the world, as well as one and a half thousand earthquakes: all are a local reality. Residents are also not responsible for the periodic slippage of buildings, which occurs as a result of changes in soil size and daily events. The Japanese islands are also distinctive. Coniferous trees grow in the north. There are mixed and subtropical forests in the center and south, respectively. There are over 2,700 plant species in total, with 168 of them being trees. Sakura is, of course, the most popular tree in Japan. Two-thirds of the archipelago is covered by forest massifs, bush zones, and mountain peaks. Landslides and floods are common, rendering these areas unfit for human habitation, agricultural, or industrial activities.

Japan's fauna includes brown bears, mountain sabutiv, and karses, which can be found on the island of Hokkaido. The southern islands are home to foxes, wolves, rabbits, raccoon dogs, badgers, black bears, antelope, Japanese Mecca, and even Samosher. Seasonal winds have been detected in the weather and throughout the Pacific region. This region is known for its rare snowfall, but the winters are harsh. Summers are typically humid and hot due to the effects of seasonal winds. As previously stated, the extreme southwest has a subtropical climate. Winters are hot, and summers are scorching.

The weather is frequently unpredictable, especially when it comes to rain. As a result, a sturdy folding umbrella is an essential item for any savvy traveler in Japan. When it rains and there is no umbrella, the nearest stores are packed. Let's start with the Imperial Palace in Tokyo Special Area Tiyde to get acquainted with the sights of Japan. This is the official residence of Emperor Akihito, as well as a museum where visitors can learn about Japanese history, culture, and art. The palace was built on the ruins of Edo's old castle, which had been destroyed by fire.

Fuji is Japan's highest mountain. The mountain is located on the island of Honshu, 3776 meters above sea level, in the southwestern part of the capital. Because of its symmetrical cone, Fujiyima is well known. Tourists adore this volcanic photograph, which is frequently depicted in souvenirs or photographs. Every year, more than 200,000 people visit Fuji.

Japan's rivers are short, muddy, and swift. Only six of the 24 largest rivers have headwaters. More than 200 kilometers, including the Shinano River, totaling 367 kilometers. Rivers overflow during a typhoon. A large number of rivers are used for irrigation and hydropower. There are numerous small lakes that provide drinking water. Biva is the largest lake (area 670.2 km2, depth 103.8 m). It has podzolic and grassy soils in the north, brown forest soils in the south, and yellow and red soils in the subtropics and tropics. The plains are dotted with alluvial soils. Forests and shrubs cover 67 percent of Japan's land area, with 41.4 percent planted. More than 700 tree and shrub species and 5,599 grass species grow in total. There are numerous endemic plants. Coniferous and broadleaf forests dominate. Japan is home to 132 mammal species, 490 bird species, and 110 reptile species. The waters off the coast of Japan are home to over 3,000 species of fish and over 1,200 species of mollusks.

More than 99 percent of the people are Japanese. Hokkaido is home to the Ainu, the country's oldest inhabitants (about 50,000 people). There are also Koreans, Chinese, and other nationalities. Japanese is the official language. The main religions are Shinto and Buddhism, with significant influences from Confucianism and Taoism. There are also Christians, Muslims, and Hindus among them. Christianity began in the mid-16th century, and Islam in the late 19th century; Christians number approximately 1.5 million, while Muslims number approximately 100,000. The first mosques were built in Tokyo and Kobe in 1935. Since 1956, there has been the Japan Muslim Association, and since 1966, there has been the Japan Islamic Center. Cities are home to 77% of the population (2002). Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Kobe, and Kyoto are the major cities.

So Japan is a country of incredible contradictions, with incredible technological development on the one hand and a deep tradition of a society based on ancient rules on the other. Modern megacities and villages coexist like glass unbroken by civilization. High-tech "grows" alongside centuries-old trees. Every visitor should go to Japan (at least once in their life). This is one of the most unusual and fascinating countries I've ever visited.

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Список литературы

  1. Grigoreva T. P. Ponimanie iskusstva v Yaponii // Grigoreva T. P. Dvijenie krasoti: Razmishleniya o yaponskoy culture. M.: Vost. lit., 2005, s. 180-192.
  2. Rolan Bart. Xokku // Bart R. Imperiya znakov. M., 2004, s. 87-109
  3. Ye.S. Shteyner. Fenomen cheloveka v yaponskoy traditsii // Chelovek i kultura: Individualnost v istorii kulturi. M., 1990, s. 164-190

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Муйдинова, М.Г. Уникальная природа Японии / М.Г. Муйдинова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2022. — № 132. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19164 (дата обращения: 23.05.2022).

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