Широкое празднование 110-летия со дня рождения гениального поэта, переводчика и драматурга Усмана Насыра

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Раздел: Педагогические науки
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В данной статье автор размышляет о росе, которая еще не пролилась из очага великой и вечной поэзии, об огне, обжигающем прикосновение таланта, об уникальной фигуре в узбекской поэзии, о жизненном пути и беспримерном творчестве покойного поэта Усмана Насыра.

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Obviously, our generation has not seen Usman Nasir. But the poet's creative path, life and fate are well known to all of us. His life faced a very eventful and honorable historical period. The years of socialist changes in the country, specific difficulties, and most importantly, the creation of Usman Nasir's generation as a poet and citizen of the new era, are the factors that shaped the generation of Usman Nasir. To talk about the poet, first of all, his work is the basis. Memories of his contemporaries, researches of different levels, explanations or hypotheses cannot change the direct impression of the poet's work. In this sense, we have Usman Nasir himself, his work as a unique and original source.

Usman Nasir, a fiery poet, translator and dramatist, who left an indelible mark in Uzbek literature with his unique talent, high tenacity and patriotism, is one of the famous children of our nation. His mature artistic works, created with noble human qualities, love and loyalty to the Motherland, and high confidence in the future, have an incomparable place and importance in raising the spirituality of our people and in the education of the young generation. That is why the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev decided to widely celebrate the 110th anniversary of Usman Nasir in 2022.

The 110th anniversary of Usman Nasir's birth was widely celebrated in our country as a holiday of literature and art. To study the life and activities of Osman Nasir, in particular, his years during the period of repression, to create a working group of historians, scientists and artists in order to collect information about the fate of manuscript works that are still unknown. it was transferred to a number of institutions such as the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the State Security Service. Installation of a statue of Usman Nasir in Namangan, naming streets in Tashkent and Namangan after Usman Nasir, publishing a collection of Usman Nasir's "Selected Works" and a book "In Memory of Usman Nasir's Contemporaries", Tashkent State Uzbek language named after Alisher Navoi and conducting a scientific-practical conference on the topic "The role and importance of Usman Nasir's creative heritage in the development of modern Uzbek literature" in cooperation with the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, filming a documentary film about Usman Nasir's life and creative work, staging performances, musical works and songs, creating audiovisual works intended for the Internet and social networks, as well as publishing a series of materials in the mass media, among students of general secondary educational institutions, creative schools. Essay contest dedicated to Nasser's life and work "Forget me, my garden" theme, education in our country Meetings dedicated to the work of Osman Nasir with the participation of well-known writers, scientists, and artists in the hkilots, military units, labor teams and neighborhoods, tasks such as organizing roundtable discussions and reading evenings, holding a literary and artistic commemorative evening dedicated to the 110th anniversary of Usman Nasir's birth at the Uzbek National Academic Drama Theater. The task of organizing high-level events dedicated to the 110th anniversary of Usman Nasir's birth, coordinating the timely, high-quality and complete implementation of this decision and program of measures was assigned, and a number of events were held.

Usman Nasir, who won the hearts of readers with his unique poems, was born on November 13, 1912 in Chukurkocha, Namangan region. Usman Nasir's father died when he was four years old, after that Usman Nasir's mother married a man named Holambibi Nasirhoji, and the family moved to Kokan. At this time, Nasirhoji Usman Nasir is sent to an orphanage. Usman Nasir studies in a special boarding school. In 1929-1930, Osman Nasir studied at the screenwriting faculty of the Moscow Institute of Cinematography for only one year, but did not finish his studies. In 1930-1933, he worked as a teacher at short-term education and training courses in Kokon, the head of the scientific department, and a literary colleague at the city theater. In 1930-1933, Osman Nasir studied for a while at the Faculty of Language and Literature of the Samarkand Pedagogical Academy (now Samarkand State University) named after Alisher Navoi. In 1934, he moved to Tashkent and worked in the newspaper "Yosh Leninchi".

The first poem of the future poet was "Pen of Truth", published in 1927 in "Yangi Yol" newspaper. In 1931, he created an epic entitled "Norbota" dedicated to the theme of the civil war. The story will be published in the newspaper "Yani Fergana". The poet's first poetry collections "Conversation with the Sun" and "Safarbar Satlar" were published in 1932. After that, the epics "Nakhshan", "Nile and Rim", "Tractorabad" in 1934, "Yurak" in 1935 and "Mehrim" in 1936 were published.

Usman Nasir's poetry is unique in that it is not similar to anyone else's, it does not fit into the patterns and patterns that literature has created for itself. The poet's lively, fiery, rebellious soul is felt in the poems.

Turob Tola, one of the great poets of his time, says this about Usman Nasir's poetry: "He came with such a storm and wave that he completely destroyed some poetic style and creativity. He was written as "Lermontov of Uzbek" in our country, and "Pushkin appeared in the East" in Moscow newspapers.

In fact, Usman Nasir's poetry is close to people's hearts primarily because of its vitality, attractiveness, and, at the same time, its simplicity and fluency.

Usman Nasir shows himself not only as a talented poet, but also as a playwright. At the age of 18, he created the drama "Nazirjon Khalilov". His plays "The Enemy" (1931), "The Last Day" (1932), "Atlas" (1935) were staged at the Kokan Theater.

In addition to his unique poems and stage works, Usman Nasir was also engaged in literary translation. In particular, he skillfully translated Alexander Pushkin's "Boghchasaroy Fountain" and Mikhail Lermontov's "Iblis" epics into Uzbek. In addition, Nikolai Dobrolyubov's "When will the real day come?" he also translated poems of Heine, Goethe, Byron, who are major poets of world literature.

It can be concluded that Usman Nasir, with his wonderful poems and dramas, occupies a deep place in the hearts of not only young readers of our nation. Usman Nasir ascended to his honorable throne again in the years of independence. Again, he was applauded by the people, again he received the affection of young people. The poet on his way to Mangulik passed the first pass on his way! Usman Nasser lived in a difficult time. There were many poems he created in the spirit of modernism, under the influence of the ideology of that time. But he also has a unique lyric written on the pages of Uzbek poetry, a louder voice mixed with heavenly feelings, which will always ring like the pure mountain rings! Most of all, the poet embodied a carefree, unsophisticated spirit. This spirit is a bright star in the sky of our literature and shines through the ages.

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Список литературы

  1. "Literature a nd Art of Uzbekistan" newspaper, March 18, 1983.
  2. The art of conspiracy" (book 2, "Fan" publishing house, Tashkent, 1993)


Гойибова, Х.С. Широкое празднование 110-летия со дня рождения гениального поэта, переводчика и драматурга Усмана Насыра / Х.С. Гойибова, Х.Х. Каримова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2023. — № 135. — С. 125-126. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19618 (дата обращения: 04.02.2023).