In every person's life family occupies a special place. The child grows in the family, and from the first years of his life, he learns the rules of the hostel, the norms of human relations, absorbing from a family of good and evil, all that is characteristic of his family. As adults, children repeat in their family all that was in the family of his parents. The family regulates the child's relationship to the environment, in the family, he gets the experience of morality, moral norms of behavior. Although the parents as the center of orientation and identification are retreating in adolescence and young adulthood on the second plan, this applies only to certain areas of life.
For most young people, the parents and especially the mother, are the main emotionally close individuals in this day and age. So the family remains a leading institution in the formation and development of socially significant values and attitudes of the child's personality, his socialization
On the problem of family education many scholars worked: Azarov Yu., Baikov, F. J., Vasilyeva E. V., Gurov V. N., Kagan V. E., Kulikova T. A., P. F. Lesgaft, garchev A. ,Shelyag T. V. and others. The actual problem of the family and the state, society, schools.
Regards the family as the smallest social institution, from the state which depends ultimately the condition of the state.
Mudrik A. V. considers the family as the most important institution of socialization of the younger generations, which is a personal living environment and development of children, its quality is determined by a number of parameters of a particular family (demographic structure of the family (large, including other relatives, or nuclear, including only parents; complete or incomplete; one-child families, small or large); the socio-cultural — educational level of parents, their participation in society; socio-economic and property characteristics and employment of parents at work; technical and hygienic conditions of living, oborudovanoe home, features lifestyle).
The concept of socialization was introduced in social psychology in the 40-50-ies in the work of A. Bandura, J. Coleman and others.
Socialization (from lat. socialis — public), the process of absorption by the human individual a certain system of knowledge, norms and values, allowing him to function as a full member of society. Socialization includes as a socially controlled process of purposeful influence on the personality (education) and natural, spontaneous processes influencing its formation.
The term "socialization", despite its wide prevalence, has no clear interpretation among various representatives of psychological science (Cohn, 1988. P.133).
A study of the process of socialization at different stages of development of a society were studied by many scientists. Among them Jean piaget, B. G. Ananiev, S. L. Rubinstein, I. S. Kon, B. C. torokhtiy, Slastenin V. A., Rean A. A., Petrovsky A. V., Nekrasova N. G., Andreeva G. M., etc.
Legal socialization is the process of assimilation of the knowledge, values and norms, due to which it is a successful adaptation to the socio-legal life. It is the result of the adoption of the individual parts of the cultural and legal heritage, which is relevant not only for its social interests, but also for the whole socio-historical process, the subject of which he is.
It is the most important institution of socialization of the younger generations. This is the personal living environment and development of the child, the quality of which is determined by a number of parameters. Socio-cultural setting depends on the educational level of parents and their participation in society; socio-economic is determined by the property characteristics and employment of parents at work; technical and hygiene depend on the conditions of residence, dwelling equipment, the characteristics of the lifestyle; is determined by the demographic structure of the family. Whatever direction the development of the child we take, there will always be that a crucial role in its effectiveness at some stage played by the family. The family introduces the child into society, it is in the family the child receives social education, becoming an individual.
The formation of the personality in the process of legal socialization of the law-abiding behavior, of course, is the most desirable goal. However, in the process of legal socialization of the possible social negative deviations from committing minor offences to crimes. In the literature it is noted that the crime-threat elements of the socialization process are defects in the structure of communication in social control, in performing social roles, which ultimately leads to the formation of the personality distorted (deformed) structure needs.
The most dangerous of these defects during childhood and adolescence, when the foundations of personality. As you know, the most important agents of legal socialization at this age are the family, school, peer group.
There is a General scheme of the process of demoralization and subsequent criminalization (defects of socialization) of children, adolescents:
- conflicts with parents (family socialization defects);
- difficulties, failure in school (the defects of socialization in school);
- terminals, the convergence of demoralized by their peers (the defects of socialization in peer groups).
The loss of the positive influence of family, failure in school and the convergence with a negative peer group can have different sequence, but in almost all cases, prior anti-social behavior of minors, there is the interaction of these three moments. Family, school, peer group — the natural environment for all children. They are the most important socializing factors of the individual juvenile. Moreover, the family plays a special role In the formation of the young person, because its impact on the person is multifaceted, comprehensively.