Применение современных образовательных технологий в начальном образовании


педагогические науки

Сегодня в начальной школе должны развивать познавательные и творческие возможности учеников, воспитывать функционально грамотную личность посредством различных образовательных технологий.

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In pedagogics, the concepts of "technology", "pedagogical technology", "educational technology" are used in various combinations: pedagogical technology, education technology, teaching technology, etc.

Educational technology is a system of joint activities of students and teachers in the design (planning), organization, orientation and adjustment of the educational process in order to achieve a specific result while ensuring comfortable conditions for participants. (T. I. Shamova, T. M. Davydenko).

Today in primary school the child should be taught not only to read, count, write, which was previously successfully taught, but also to fully develop the cognitive and creative abilities of students, to educate a functionally literate person.

Therefore, the pedagogical activity of teachers should be aimed not only at the development of skills to learn: creative problem solving skills and the skills of searching, analyzing and interpreting information. But also on formation at children of motivation to training, the help them in self-organization and self-development.

The method of training, in which the child does not receive knowledge in the finished form, and produces them himself in the process of his own educational and cognitive activity is called the activity method.

Another component of successful learning is the introduction of information technology in school. In this case, the modernization of schools is the surest solution. Moreover, this approach will benefit directly and the teachers themselves. They will be able to receive information from a variety of new and reliable sources, and will be more interesting and effective in communicating it to students, which will undoubtedly improve the quality of teaching.

By the way, information technology in primary school is not only computers, projectors and other modern equipment, as many believe. This also includes the ability to navigate in the information space, the development of a culture of communication, the right selection of educational media resources and their use in practice. On this basis, this technology will be more correctly called information and communication.

Information and communication technology in primary school can be implemented in various ways, namely through:

  • application of all known information and communication activities;
  • the formation of interest in learning from students;
  • promoting self-education;
  • development of communicative competences in children;
  • motivation to study through the use of modern technologies;
  • maximum investment in children's knowledge that will help them in self-realization in the future.

Information and communication technologies in primary school on GEF imply a complete revision of the approach to the educational process, the introduction of new techniques and improving the level of teaching. As a result of the use of computer technology appears much more and more broadly to acquaint students with the new topic, allows students to clearly see the subject, that is, to create a sense of authenticity and thereby increase interest.

To get the desired result, the teacher should be able to use modern equipment, create presentations for each lesson and create their own training programs, work with materials on the Internet and use ready-made digital educational resources. To consolidate the knowledge it is recommended to conduct monitoring and test works in electronic form.