Деятельность Исхокхона Ибрата и перспективы для молодёжи Узбекистана


педагогические науки

В статье освещается о жизнедеятельности узбекского джадидиста Исхокхона Ибрат имя, которого увековечено в одноименном учебном комплексе в Туракургане Наманганской области Узбекистан. Школьники в данном учебном комплексе будут получать знания по 7 направлениям лингвистики и перспективу поступления в ВУЗы Узбекистана без вступительных тестов.

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Ishokxon Ibrat was born 1862 in the village of turagurghon which was not far from Namangan, Kokand Khanate. He received primary education in the local madrasah and his mother. Later, after moving to Kokand, he enrolled in studies in a large madrasah. In 1886, after graduating from Kokand madrasah, he returned to his native village. Arriving in his village, Ibrat begins to conduct educational activities among the population. At the end of that year he opened a school which was significantly different system of education from other schools, and later the school gained popularity and other local schools go in the education system newly established school Ishokxon Ibrat.

In 1887 Ishokxon Ibrat sent to Mecca for the Hajj. After the Hajj, having left Mecca, he lives in Jeddah for a while and then begins his journey through the countries and cities of Europe and Asia. In the journey, he first visited Jerusalem and Damascus. Once you reach Istanbul, Ishokxon Ibrat begins a journey across Europe. First he comes to Sofia, and from there he goes to Athens and Rome. During his return from Europe via Istanbul, he visits such cities as Baghdad, Tehran, Isfahan, Shiraz and Karachi. Has traveled to Iran and Afghanistan, Ishokxon Ibrat goes to India and lives for some time in Bombay and Calcutta. From India he goes to Kashgar. During his travels, Ibrat will learn to perfection such languages as Greek, English, Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Hindi and Urdu. Later he learns and Russian language.

In 1896, after a long journey which lasted nine years, Ishokxon Ibrat returned to his native village. In 1901, he finished his work entitled "Lugati Sitta-Alsina" (Rus. Dictionary from start to finish) and will publish it. This dictionary-manual was used in all schools of jadidists for the study of Russian, Arabic, Persian and other languages.

In 1912 Ibrat finishes his work about the history of the scripts called "Jomo ul-jutut" and publishes a book in the editorial called "Matbaa Ishake". In his actions and works, Ibrat wanted his people to be educated and enlightened. In the next twenty years of his life he wrote 14 scientific, historical and linguistic books. Among them, especially known for such books as: "tarihi Fargona" ("History of Fergana"), "Madaniyat tarihi" ("History of culture"), "Mezon uz-Zamon" (Periods in detail), "Sabongui Sharq" ("the Languages of the East"), etc. During this time, he also combines in one collection called "Devon Ibrat" all his poems accumulated over 30 years of poetic life.

After the capture of the Kokand khanate, and then the whole of Central Asia by the Russian Empire, Iskhokhon Ibrat advocated the technical integration of Turkestan, which was brought by the Russians after the capture of Central Asia. He was also an ardent supporter of schools with a new method of learning and advocated for an increase in their number.

In the late 1920s and early 1930s, he worked in some government positions. In 1935 Ishokxon Ibrat removed from all posts and he is forbidden to teach in schools. Later in 1937, he was arrested for "anti-Soviet propaganda" and imprisoned. In April of the same year, he dies in prison in Andijan, when he was 75 years old.

In accordance with the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Turakurgan region of Namangan region in 2018, a boarding school was established, specialized in the study of foreign languages. On may 3 this year, the official opening ceremony of the boarding school with the participation of President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev took place.

School name Shokhona Ibrat has a methodical office and 4 classrooms, equipped with modern furniture and appliances, as well as the necessary literature and teaching materials provided by the University and the Republican scientific-practical center of development of innovative methods of learning foreign languages. Three foreign languages will be studied here: English, German and French.

On the opening day, a video lesson was organized with the participation of foreign experts of English and German John Simpson, Gina Bennet and Simon Kretchmer

Список литературы

  1. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Исхокхон_Ибрат
  2. https://fledu.uz/ru/namanganda-is-hoqxon-ibrat-ixtisoslashtirilgan-maktabi/