Algerian-Libyan relations have not always been well; relations between them have gone through several stages under the reign of Muammar Gaddafi of Libya. The relationship between the two countries ranged from intense tension to periods and quiet relations in other periods Kaddafi, who tried to influence as much as possible in any African arena he could reach in order to play any role to impose his presence in the African arena as well as according to his interests. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi could not reach the center of Algeria as he wished under the reign of President Houari Boumediene due to the rigidity of the Algerian president. That's why the Libyan colonel is trying to establish good relations with Algeria, in that period The Algerian government stood with Libya in the strong tension between him and Egypt against the policies of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat towards Libya at the time.
Where Algeria opposed Moves Egyptian military forces in eastern Libya and was the main reason for stopping the move, because Algeria was aware that the security of Libya was part of its national security. However, after the death of President Houari Boumediene, Gaddafi returned to his former game by trying to influence Algerian politics, and the reopening of the case of the Algerian-Libyan border which is not specified definitively.(1)
Had Gaddafi not been afraid of a severe response from Algeria during the reign of Houari Boumediene, he would have made many attempts to influence Algeria's internal policy. After the death of Boumediene took the presidency of the Chadli Bendjedid and he was Colonel Gaddafi believe he is able to control the direction of a new president did not know the International experience distinctive. He believes he can seize the opportunity and impose himself about the region this is what he did in 1980 When his army invaded the Tunisian border and tried to occupy the Tunisian region of Gafsa, Then the late President Bourguiba appealed to Algeria to help him, if it was not President Chadli Bendjedid, who threatened Gaddafi with severe punishment, And to send a special force of the Algerian army to punish him severely, If he does not withdraw his army from Tunisian territory, Colonel Gaddafi tried to play on what you know the Algerian-Moroccan relations of the conflict, and he set out to establish unity with Morocco in 1984, in order to provoke Algeria.(2)
In addition to the support of Abdel Salam djaloud some armed factions in Algeria during the Algerian civil war, which was passed by the Algerian state under very difficult security and economic conditions did not find its supporters, including Al- Gaddafi, who refused to lend to Algeria Financial amounts for assistance. At the beginning of the new millennium and after the end of the crisis of the Algerian civil war, which turned into a war against militant groups that rejected positions of calm and peace, and the rise of the current president, Abdul-Aziz Bouteflika to power, the Algerian-Libyan relations have again entered a phase of calm for another time Where Algeria has adopted a very cautious diplomatic and pragmatic position with Gaddafi's policies, Stand with him and support him in his positions and policies sometimes and he refused another time in various ways ranging from quiet diplomatic routes to an extremely cruel language, in general, both countries have tried to show good relations with each other through joint military maneuvers and signing agreements and various economic and security understandings, and ongoing political meetings through regular meetings of the Union of Maghreb States, but this did not bring the two countries to the stage of integration and exemplary bilateral relations Algeria for its part, cautiously treated Gaddafi, who knew how to exploit certain issues to put pressure on Algeria and put it in a difficult position by exploiting and supporting the opposition forces abroad by exploiting the Tuareg and the recruitment of Mali and Niger, to which Gaddafi has had considerable influence. Influence on the Western Sahara problem between Morocco and Algeria.
For his part, Gaddafi was aware of the different characteristics of the Algerian personality compared to neighboring countries as well as differences in Algerian politics and the human and military capabilities of Algeria and this did not lead him to risk too much the development problems with Algeria. Relations between Algeria and Libya continued during the reign of Gaddafi and Bouteflika between a calm and sometimes understanding and lack of understanding in other times until the beginning of the revolution in Libya and the end of reign of Gaddafi and his tragic end.(3)
When President Abdul-Aziz Bouteflika came to power in Algeria in 1999, gave full freedom to Colonel Gaddafi but without prejudice to the internal policies of neighboring countries, so much so that when he visited Algeria in 2003 president Bouteflika allowed him to move as he wished: the colonel gave a lecture to the Algerian Writers' Union, made several visits to Algeria and tried to promote his green book, but he found no one who listened for what he offers, and he returned from where he came from.(4)
In April 2005, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi launched a project in Timbuktu, in northern Mali, on the occasion of the birth of the Prophet, which brought together several African leaders, leaders of Islamic organizations and dignitaries from the country. Desert, and urged the Tuareg tribes and ethnic groups of the Sahara to unite. To counter the crawling of foreign countries on Muslim countries this has angered the Algerian government and led to tense relations between the two countries. (5)
In 2006, Colonel Gaddafi sent a number of Libyan officials to Algeria to try to contain the crisis, where arrived his special envoy to Algeria carrying a message to Algerian President Abdul-Aziz Bouteflika these a visit She was aiming to clarify the position Libyan, It was also visit of the Libyan Interior Minister Saleh Rajab al-Musmari in July 2006, which lasted three days, ended with signing on a security cooperation agreement between the two countries after the meeting of the expanded security committee under the supervision of Algerian Minister of State and Minister of the Interior and Local Authorities, Noureddine Yazid Zerhouni and his counterpart Libyan General Salah Rajab al-Musmari, who then declared the commitment Tripoli to cooperate with Algeria in the field of security to increase the security of the border area. Security cooperation between Algeria and Libya has entered an advanced phase after Algeria has agreed to receive a number of Libyan tires to benefit from training in the field of scientific police such as the fight against drugs, explosives, fires, DNA and documentation, this process falls within the framework of existing cooperation between the two countries and efforts to improve coordination in border security and establish a follow-up committee to implement the cooperation agreement on security.
In the same context, Algeria and Libya have sought to continue to draw common borders, especially after Algeria rejected the decision of the Libyan authorities to dig a large number of artesian wells to pump underground water. located on the border between Algeria, Libya and Tunisia, to be transported through the pipelines of the oases of Ghadames to the southwest to the Libyan Jamahiriya, where the Algerian authorities rushed to ask the Libyan authorities to stop the project, and managed to convince Tunisia and Libya to establish a monitoring center to exploit the water that has Algeria the largest area in which this water is present. (6)