Особенности планирования внеклассной и внешкольной воспитательной работы

№91-1,

педагогические науки

Составляющую основу воспитательной работы с детьми в образовательных учреждениях, особенно в младших классах, является учёт возрастных и индивидуальных особенностей учащихся.

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The basis for the modern organization of educational work with children of primary school age is the very purpose of training and education — the overall development of the child. Recently, teachers often talk about the component of a common goal — the development of students ' system of universal values. There are different approaches to determining the structure of this system: on the one hand, the priority is given to moral values, on the other — a wide range of values of a multi-level plan. These latter include-Earth-planet, man and his health, work, education, culture.

Each of these areas carries a deep moral content. This set of universal values can be used to determine the content of educational work with children after school hours, taking into account the age characteristics of students.

In drawing up plans for educational work in the first place is the principle of human-personal approach to children. Another equally important principle is to take into account the age characteristics of students. In addition, the planning takes into account the principle of an active approach to education.

The main task of planning is to organize the life of the children's team in their free time, so that students voluntarily, with a great desire to participate in a variety of activities of the class, learn to be independent, be able to assess their capabilities and constantly strive for knowledge of themselves.

The planning takes into account the peculiarities of the region, folk traditions and school way of life. The content of the activities of primary school students in extracurricular time-is, above all, the unity of the game and educational activities. It is in the game, full of bright educational material, children develop intellectually, Express themselves emotionally.

If the teacher implements in the classroom developmental and educational functions of teaching, class work in the form of holidays, tours, various quizzes, competitions, creative workshops, games, travel, etc. contributes to the activity, expressing their personal qualities. Planning class teacher content, forms and methods of extracurricular educational work goes through a number of stages.

The logic of planning requires the analysis of the previous educational work with children, determining the level of education of class students. It is important to analyze what children have become in the course of a diverse life of the children's team: whether they are kind, attentive to people, hardworking and friendly.

Analyzing the results of work with children, the class teacher notes not only the positive aspects, but also analyzes the mistakes made. When planning educational work at school, the teacher must take into account the age characteristics of students, their inclinations, be sure to involve parents, giving them freedom in the organization of extracurricular activities.

At school, the requirements for the design of the plan of educational work remain traditional, a common form of reference — "Notebook of educational work of the teacher", in which the constituent elements are:

  • social class portrait;
  • analysis of educational work for the previous year;
  • scheduling:
    a) with subject teachers;
    b) with parents;
    c) with students in three main areas-physical, emotional, social;
  • analysis of educational work for the year;
  • summary of the study of the level of education of students.

Game-journey"into the world of folk culture." Every person from childhood formed different qualities that help to work, communicate with each other.

In order to succeed in the education and development of primary school children, it is necessary to begin in a timely manner to form morality, independence, initiative of creative attitude in activity. Given the age characteristics of children at each stage, the dominant activity is determined.

The school of the first stage is dominated by cognitive activity in the game of travel"in the world of folk culture." In the new social situation, the content of travel is the value of national culture. Primary school students are happy to learn in the proposed form of a game rites, customs, traditions of his people.

In drawing up plans for educational work in the first place is the principle of human-personal approach to children. Another equally important principle is to take into account the age characteristics of students. In addition, the planning takes into account the principle of an active approach to education.

The main task of planning is to organize the life of the children's team in their free time, so that students voluntarily, with a great desire to participate in a variety of activities of the class, learn to be independent, be able to assess their capabilities and constantly strive for knowledge of themselves.