Жаргон

№94-1,

филологические науки

Другое значение жаргона описываемое в данное статье — «неразборчивое письмо или речь». Еще одно определение — «специфические диалекты, возникающие в результате смешения нескольких языков». Из-за некоторых проблем, связанных с пониманием жаргона, только несколько человек могут уловить фактическую терминологию, используемую различными группами. людей, которые могут объяснить его происхождение.

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It is generally known that the actual origin of the word "jargon" is still unknown. “Jargon” was come from the 14th century. Modern definition of jargon can be sound like “an outlandish, technical language of a particular profession, group, or trade”. Another meaning of jargon is “unintelligible writing or talk.” Yet another definition is “specific dialects resulting from a mixture of several languages.” Because of some problems concerning with jargon understanding the only a few people may catch the actual terminology used by different groups of people, that may explain its origin.

According to Wikipedia jargon is “terminology that relates to a specific activity, profession or group”. As well as the slang, jargon also develops as a kind of stenography, in order to quickly express some ideas that are regularly discussed between members of a group. As it is clear from these observations that in many this may lead to a barrier of communication as many may not catch; from academic point of view, “argot is a secret language used by various groups’ members, including thieves and other criminals, in order to prevent outsiders from understanding their conversations.” It is well-known fact that in any profession sphere or occupation has its own jargon. Of course, as any aspect of language,

jargon also has distinctive features of being changed. Many jargon terms came into the standard language. Jargon extends from a limited group until it is used and understood by a larger group of people, the same as the slang. Eventually, it may lose its special status as either jargon or slang and enter the formal usage. According to information data “Jargon is terminology which is especially defined in relationship to a specific activity, profession, group, or event, whereas slang is the use of informal words and expressions”. In other words, jargon includes the language used by people who work in a particular sphere or who have common interests. Jargon is the precondition of everyone’s life because of using it in a all spheres of application: for instance in a job, hobby, or a sport. It is a convenient direction for groups of people in society to have their own specific language. For the great majority of people jargon can give a possibility of belonging to a specific group. It is also the best and easiest way for person to communicate with their fellow, friends, family members, relatives. However, one of the most striking feature of jargon usage that the military, advertising, teachers, and politicians have all been criticized. Using jargon in these four areas leaves people wondering if they have a hidden agenda. Jargon stands for a specific terminology that people follow and understand under various settings. For example:

  • Bottom-line — globally means the basic idea but in some corporates, it specifically refers to profits.

In literature, jargon can be spotted in the works of renowned writers like Shakespeare and Charles Dickens; their jargon relates to the expressions which were used during that period of time. Modern writers appeal to jargon that is common today which makes it easy for their readers to concern to their work. It can be found in the everywhere, as in a work place, literature, business, medicine and even in a films. It is undeniable that day-to-day languages are full with jargon. There are many different examples of jargon usage. Here are some examples of jargon using at work place:

Land and expand — to sell a small solution to the client that later expands and caters to more problems in the environment surrounding the client.

Think outside the box — a constantly used jargon that indicates widening the limits of the thought process so as to encourage people to be creative regarding their job views.

Drink out own champagne — champagne indicates ‘a good product’. This jargon indicates that the products sold to the clients are the same as the one being used in the business.

Peter Ives once remarked about jargon that, 'For those who use it, it is a language which describes the world in which we live'. Jargon, indeed is a powerful tool that can be used in order to create an impression on people’s perception and minds. If you once get to use the right jargon in the right context, right situations and to the right person, it can be among your colleagues or staff, you are sure to make the right impression.

Список литературы

  1. Арнольд И.В. Лексикология современного английского языка. – Москва: Высш. шк., 1986 г.
  2. Антрушина Г.Б., Афанасьева О.В., Морозова Н.Н. Лексикология английского языка. – Дрофа. 2004 г. – с. 9.
  3. Судзиловский Г.А. Сленг - Что это такое? – М: Военное издательство Министерство обороны, 1973 г.
  4. Abakulova V.V. Slang as a part of the English language. – Tomsk: Tomsk polytechnic university, 2010.
  5. Bethany K. and lighter J. Is slang a word for Linguists? – N.Y.: American Speech Vol., 1978.
  6. Chambers J.K., Trudgill P. Dialectology. – London: Cambridge University Press, 1999.