Morality as moral education

NovaInfo 94, с.145-147, скачать PDF
Раздел: Педагогические науки
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The article deals with morality as a moral education of the individual manifested in social relations in the life of the individual, as a form of public consciousness and a set of rules.

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Morality as a form of public consciousness is born in the system of concrete-historical social relations, is their spiritual product, the sum of rules, requirements, norms governing the interaction between people, their attitude to things and phenomena of the real world.

Morality — morality, a set of norms and principles of human behavior in relation to society and other people; the oldest form of social consciousness; social institution that performs the functions of regulating human behavior. Unlike simple custom or tradition, moral norms receive ideological justification in the form of ideals of good and evil, justice, fairness, etc. In contrast with the right execution of the requirements of morality is sanctioned only by the forms of spiritual impact (public evaluation, approval or condemnation). Morality acts as the basis of the content of moral education of personality (Kodzhaspirov G. M., etc. Pedagogical dictionary. — Moscow: Academy, 2000.- P. 87).

Depending on how a person has mastered and accepted morality, how he relates his beliefs and behavior with the existing moral norms and principles, it is possible to judge the level of morality. In other words, morality is a personal characteristic that combines such qualities and properties as kindness, decency, honesty, truthfulness, justice, diligence, discipline, collectivism, regulating individual behavior.

Morality-1) a special form of public consciousness and the type of social relations, one of the main ways to regulate human actions in society with the help of norms. In contrast to simple norms or traditions, moral norms are justified in the form of ideals of good and evil, due, justice, etc.; 2) the system of internal human rights based on humanistic values of kindness, justice, decency, sympathy, readiness to help (pedagogical dictionary. — M., 2000.- P. 92).

Human behavior is assessed on the matching degree determined by the strength of the rules. The rule, which has a General character, i.e. extends to many identical acts, is called a moral norm. A norm is a rule, a requirement that determines how a person should act in a particular situation.

Moral norms do not cover individual relationships, but all areas of relationships, encouraging people everywhere to be guided by them, called moral categories. Among them are categories such as good and justice, duty and honor, dignity and happiness.

Perceiving the requirements of morality as the rules of life that make a person better, more noble, society develops the concept of" moral ideal", i.e. a model of moral behavior, to which adults and children aspire, considering it reasonable, useful, beautiful.

Education of humanity. Humanist worldview as the generalised system of attitudes, beliefs, ideals, built around the centre — man.

In the pedagogical dictionary the concept of "humanity" (from lat. humanus-human) — is defined as " humanity, humanity, respect for people and their experiences. One of the leading moral values, which should be formed in modern man in the process of education and training". In the humanistic essence of morality originally laid attitude to man as a value. Humanity, respectively, is a set of moral and psychological properties of the individual, expressing a conscious and empathetic attitude to the person as the highest value.

Humanism (from lat. humanus) — a term introduced by the Roman philosopher and orator Cicero and denoting humanity-the principle of worldview, based on the principle of the value of man as a person, his right to free development and manifestation of their abilities. Now it becomes one of the basic principles of pedagogy. Interests-a form of manifestation of cognitive needs, providing orientation of the individual. The activity of the individual (from lat. activus-active) — an active attitude of the individual to the world, the ability to make significant changes in the life of society, in which he acts as a conductor of the ideas of the ideology of national independence, is actively involved in the formation of a highly spiritual personality of the student (student). Social values-socially significant for the individual, social community, society as a whole: material, social objects, spiritual activity of man and its results.

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Корабоева, Г.Х. Morality as moral education / Г.Х. Корабоева. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2018. — № 94. — С. 145-147. — URL: (дата обращения: 08.06.2023).