Профессиональная ориентация учащихся


педагогические науки

В статье рассматривается о вопросе профессиональной консультации школьников, где реализуются информирование о разновидностях профессий, проведение диагностических работ, проблема отбора и адаптации.

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Professional orientation of students. Professional orientation is a reasonable system of socio-economic, psychological, pedagogical, medical, biological, industrial and technical measures aimed at helping students and young people in professional self-determination.

A correctly chosen profession corresponds to the interests and inclinations of a person, comes out in full harmony with recognition. In this case, the profession brings joy and satisfaction. The social significance of the profession increases if it meets the modern needs of society, is prestigious, has a creative character, is highly valued financially. The world of professions is very mobile. Some professions are a thing of the past, others are emerging. The number of professions is estimated at tens of thousands, and students need comprehensive information about them, qualified advice at the stage of choosing a profession, support and assistance at the beginning of professional development. So there is a problem of building a system of professional orientation work with students.

The system of professional orientation includes: professional education (professional information), professional diagnostics, professional consultation, professional selection, professional adaptation. Professional education aims to inform students of certain knowledge about the socio-economic, psychophysiological features of certain professions. Professional diagnostics is carried out by specialists in relation to each individual using different techniques. Professional advice consists in the advice of specialists (psychologists, doctors, teachers), in establishing compliance between the requirements for the profession and the individual psychological characteristics of the individual. Professional selection is aimed at providing the individual with freedom of choice in the world of professions. When choosing a professional, it is necessary to take into account family traditions, the opinion of friends, the motives of job satisfaction. Professional adaptation is the process of entry of a young person into professional activity, adaptation to the production system, labor collective, working conditions, peculiarities of the specialty. The success of adaptation is an indicator of the correct choice of profession.

Thinkers of the East on labor education. Labor education is the core of Uzbek national pedagogy. Raising children's love for work from early childhood was a sacred responsibility of the family. Folk wisdom says that a person is beautiful in work, and therefore " the coal miner is not ashamed of a black face." Education of children's love for work finds a vivid expression in a number of Proverbs and sayings: "you will Work hard, so you will get good", "If you have a hardworking son, then your arable land is plowed", "you will not easily achieve the goal." The people always took care that the younger generation mastered a number of professions, everyone became a"Jack of all trades". "Avesta" (VII-VI centuries BC) says that the development and education should be based on the triad: the development of the mind, kindness, hard work (us — EY, S. M.). People's assessment of work as a decisive factor in the formation of a harmonious personality echoes the views on the work of many Eastern thinkers. Ibn Sina (XI C.) in the system of education and training includes such a component: learning a craft (labor education) and gives recommendations on educational work of students: exercises should be standardized, combined with physical exercises; training should go gradually, from easy to difficult, etc. Beruni (XI C.) writes that labor education should be of a craft nature: the craft (profession) should be taught to all children: from families of the rich and poor. Children need to develop work skills and develop a love and habit for work. Ibn Sina believed that in an ideal state, a just ruler should be engaged in socially useful work, and in maktabs there should necessarily be training in the craft.