Methods of foreign language teaching as a science deals with teaching methodology that helps language practitioner make learners acquire the target language. We have chosen this topic for two important reasons, to determine practical strategies to foster the use of English in a real context, and to develop language competence with applying new activities to improve communication in an ESP classroom. Despite its importance, for many years, teaching speaking has been undervalued and English language teachers have continued to teach speaking just as a repetition of drills or memorization of dialogues. However, today’s world requires that the goal of teaching speaking should improve students’ communicative skills, because, only in that way, students can express themselves and learn how to follow the social and cultural rules appropriate in each communicative circumstance. Some scientists support the idea above and say that speaking ability will be focused on two things, namely: the form and function of the language. [1, 67 p] The form will be focused on how to use the language suitable to the pattern, structure, vocabulary and elements in the language. The function will focus on how to use and the objective of using the language. So the students are expected to master the language verbally with the accuracy of language use in terms of structure, context, time and place. Learners should be able to make themselves understood, using their current proficiency to the fullest. They should try to avoid confusion in the message due to faulty pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary, and to observe the social and cultural rules that apply in each communication situation.
Successful language learners apply a variety of strategies in both academic and social settings by planning, monitoring, and evaluating their learning. Learning strategies and approaches provide language learners with tools for success and can be useful for both the English teacher and the subject teacher instructing in English. Students may use strategies that directly influence the way in which new language reception and production experiences are conceptualized and organized. Basically, these techniques enable students to take command over their learning and to apply procedures that will assist them in retaining and using important language skills.
Making students speak is neither an easy nor a fast process. Teachers must be aware of some special techniques that will help to achieve the purpose. These techniques are based on different approaches. For this issue, specially, the Communicative Approach is going to be the object of study since that the main purpose in discussion is on promoting language into the classroom and supporting ideas that will be mentioned in order to share the scientific contribution brought with other teachers helping them to achieve positive results in the oral production with their students. Encouraging students to become more active participants in a lesson can sometimes assist them to see a purpose for improving their communication skills in the target language. We can support their interest in learning English by providing interesting topics for them to talk about in your classes. If students are interested in a topic and have something to say about it, then they are more likely to speak in class and participate actively in learning. In this case we applied some of interesting strategies and try to design different meaningful activities for an ESP context in order to achieve the object. So, this article introduces with one of important tool named Pair-Share-Repeat teaching technique by means of ESP context.
Pair-Share-Repeat is a learning strategy developed by Lyman; it is associated with encourage student classroom participation and interaction between students and facilitators. [2,89p]The pair, share, repeat strategy is a cooperative learning technique that encourages individual participation and is appropriate to all grade levels and class sizes. Applying this technique in the teaching process students are really interested in developing fluency in the language classroom using their points of view and critical thinking because they will be making a decision on their problem, then they will be more involved in developing that fluency. When organizing an activity the teacher has to well inform learners about the issue of the activity, the procedure they should take while doing this activity, to put the learners in pairs or groups, giving them clear instructions about their task, and preparing feedback. Meanwhile, it is well-advised for the teacher to examine the amount of learners' understanding of the instructions before starting doing the activity.
The Pair-Share-Repeat strategy is designed to differentiate instruction by providing students time and structure for thinking on a given topic, enabling them to formulate individual ideas and share these ideas with a peer. This learning strategy promotes ESP classroom participation by encouraging a high degree of pupil response, rather than using a basic recitation method in which a teacher poses a question and one student offers a response. Additionally, this strategy provides an opportunity for all students to share their thinking with at least one other student which, in turn, increases their sense of involvement in classroom learning. This technique can also be used as in information assessment tool; as students discuss their ideas, the teacher can circulate and listen to the conversations taking place and respond accordingly. In this strategy, a problem is posed, students have time to think about it individually, and then they work in pairs to solve the problem and share their ideas with the class. This strategy can be used for a wide variety of daily classroom activities such as concept reviews, discussion questions, partner reading, brainstorming, quiz reviews, topic development, and helps students to develop conceptual understanding of a topic, also develop the ability to filter information and draw conclusions.
And other benefits of using the pair-share-repeat strategy include the positive changes in students' self-esteem that occur when they listen to one another and respect others' ideas. Students have the opportunity to learn higher-level thinking skills from their peers, gain the extra time or prompting they may need, and gain confidence when reporting ideas to the whole class. In addition, the "pair" step of the strategy ensures that no student is left out of the discussion. Even a student who is uncomfortable discussing his or her ideas with the whole class still has an audience in this step. Finally, while the strategy may appear to be time-consuming, it makes classroom discussions more productive, as students have already had an opportunity to think about their ideas before plunging into whole-class conversations. Incorporating Pair-Share-Repeat technique into the classroom adds variety, a change of pace and opportunities for a lot of language production and also a lot of fun! It can be an integral part of the class and not a 'one-off' event. If the teacher believes that the activity will work and the necessary support is provided, it can be very successful. If the teacher isn't convinced about the validity of using the activity does not work as you are expected. Therefore, if you think positive and have a go, you may be pleasantly surprised.