Аббревиатура, приобретающая новые свойства на лингвистическом и экстралингвистическом уровнях реализации

NovaInfo 134, с.79-80, скачать PDF
Раздел: Филологические науки
Язык: Английский
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В статье отмечается, что крайне важно обращать внимание на источники, мотивирующие аббревиатуры, а также на сами различные типы аббревиатур с точки зрения отражения в их структуре различных компонентов исходных единиц.

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Текст научной работы

An abbreviation can acquire various connotative meanings, undergo lexico-phraseological and morphosyntactic transformations, thus acquiring new properties at the linguistic and extralinguistic levels of implementation.

According to E. A. Dyuzhikova, in this case talking about highlighting a new verbally represented cognitive structure:» Having started its life by duplicating its correlate, the abbreviation acquires its own meanings and due to this becomes not just an abbreviation of its source, but also a new lexical unit in the full sense of the word, a new unit of nomination «. V. A. Belyaeva also points to the possibility of formation in the conceptual system of an individual in connection with the functioning of abbreviations of new cognitive structures, emphasizing that this class of words is a unique artificial way to optimize the process of communication, as well as the process of appropriating knowledge by a person [5, 97]. As already noted, it is extremely important to pay attention to the sources that motivate abbreviations, as well as different types of abbreviations themselves from the point of view of reflecting different components of the original units in their structure. Relating to the class of full-fledged words of the language, abbreviations themselves can be the basis for the production of new words formed from them. In general, the abbreviation process is a separate way of word formation, with the help of which new words are created with a special structures and the structure itself is of great interest to language learners. In English, abbreviations are usually divided into abbreviations and acronyms according to sound graphic design. Abbreviations are formed by significant words word combinations: AA — antenna array, AC — alternating current, CB — circuit breaker, FCC — flight control computer, OXY — oxygen and others. When they are pronounced according to the names of the letters, the stress falls on the last syllable. Abbreviations may be letters and dots after each letter, but in modern English dots are generally not used. Acronyms are abbreviations which, unlike abbreviations (read, pronounced and perceived by the names of letters), are read and perceived as ordinary words. These include the above terms — abbreviations radar, laser, maser. Note that the translation correspondences of these units within other languages are exactly such acronyms, and necessary phrases: radar — radio detection and distance determination, laser — Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation — optical quantum generator, maser — Microwave Amplification Emission of Radiation — microwave amplification by induced radiation. More precisely, the procedure of analyzing shortenings equally involves taking into account the specifics of the content and form of these formations, which act as linguistic signs of a special structure. It should also be analysed that words formed with the help of abbreviations are not created by themselves. They come from already existing words in accordance with certain regularities inherent in word formation processes. Besides, abbreviation interacts with other ways of word formation, such as compounding, conversion, etc. The processes of abbreviation reflect the logic characteristic of the development of the English language, striving for simplicity and efficiency of linguistic expression and preserving its informational significance for the purposes of communication, including in the field of international communication, being determined by the linguistic and cultural specifics of the current level of development of society.

The notion of economy not only belongs to politics, but also is linked with linguistics. From linguistically point of view this term has a number of values and meanings. Therefore, this concept could be scrutinized in language system also. There are many definitions of the word economy and the most proper one is to reveals a positive interpretation in its entirety demonstrates profit, saving, less burden, to be thrifty; it can be thought the rule of attentive housekeeping. The word economy traced back the Greek language as many terms oikòs conveys "house", and nomòs, from nemein, it is to deliver, distribute in English. The rules of effective management a few needs and resources in the house are figuratively linked with social linguistic level; more precisely, the language as a whole, shows what is appropriate. Balance resulting from proper distribution of the majority internal and external forces Its habituals, the system of language changes, associated with different realities, and much more language units are constantly imported. Irregularity that causes alterations.

The term economy is the system that helps to keep society running. It helps to provide goods and services that people need, and it helps to ensure that everyone has a fair chance to succeed. It is widely used in modern scientific linguistics. As it corresponds to grammatical and linguistic rigor theories, the principle of economy is significant to communicate.

Through the French Economy in 1530 [Simpson 1989], the economy is a system in which goods and services are exchanged to satisfy needs. Other words that only partially cover the meaning of the original word are used instead. The texts looked for allusions or hints to the concept of economy in four linguistic levels: phonetics/phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexis. Only a small percentage of people experience this problem. Of the 450 works analyzed, 27% yielded meaningful data that can be directly associated with the concept of economy. This includes observations, comments, or considerations that the authors may be either aware of or not.

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Список литературы

  1. Cannon Garland, Abbreviations and acronyms in English word — formation, 1985.
  2. Keibler, Charles W, Creating new words by shortening. Journal of English Linguistics. 24-36, 1979.
  3. Mossman, Jennifer, Acronyms, Initialisms and Abbreviations Dictionary.


Базарбаева, А.М. Аббревиатура, приобретающая новые свойства на лингвистическом и экстралингвистическом уровнях реализации / А.М. Базарбаева. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2022. — № 134. — С. 79-80. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19438 (дата обращения: 01.12.2022).