Использование информационных и коммуникационных технологий (ИКТ) в образовании

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Использование информационных и коммуникационных технологий (ИКТ) необходимо для удовлетворения образовательных потребностей современного общества и его устойчивого социально-экономического развития.

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The use of information and communication technologies (ICT) is necessary to meet the educational needs of modern society and its sustainable socio-economic development. For the first time in history, information and scientific knowledge become not just means of improving modern society, but the main products of its economic activity. Moreover, knowledge is the basic resources and products of the information society on which its further economic well-being and social development depend directly. The use of ICT is one of the most important conditions for this development. The goal of ICT development and the information society is the creation, acquisition, distribution, dissemination and assessment of knowledge. ICTs provide a means of access to and continuity of learning, which is necessary for the successful inclusion of all groups in the information society. Information literacy and culture have become the key to successful professional human activity. The earlier students learn about the possibilities of ICT, the faster they will be able to take advantage of the latest methods of obtaining information and transforming it into knowledge. Scientific and technological progress, global spread of technologies created in the most developed countries of the world, are one of the main arguments in favor of the leading role of education in the XXI century. The level of technological development is today an indicator of not only the economic potential and living standards of the population in a country, but also the place and role of that country in the global community, the scale and prospects of its global economic and political integration. At the same time, the level of development and use of modern technologies in different countries is determined not so much by their material well — being as by the ability of the society to produce and apply new knowledge. This, in turn, is closely related to the level of education. It is important to note that the driving force behind these processes is largely information and communication technologies, through which scientific knowledge and information play a decisive role in the search for new ways to increase well-being and more effectively eradicate poverty.

The main features of the educational system of the information society are: the creation of new knowledge; territorial and temporal independence of the processes of knowledge acquisition; structural and substantive updating of the learning process. To ensure this, it is necessary: to attract high-class teachers to use new forms and methods of education; to provide all the same educational opportunities; * to provide a flexible and progressive approach to the structure and organization of education. Most governments are now making significant efforts to modernize education systems through the use of new technologies. In a number of countries, the use of ICT is considered necessary to improve the quality of education through changes in training courses, new skills training, and the expansion and enrichment of training programmes. In other countries, ICT is mainly used to facilitate access to education for different groups of the population or for narrower purposes — to help with self-education through radio and television programmes. A number of countries have focused on transforming learning environments or addressing the special needs of different categories of students through information technology. However, attempts to improve education with the help of ICT are often unsuccessful because of the lack of such an educational paradigm that would become the basis for the true modernization of the whole system. Not only information, i.e. information, is important for such modernization. the content itself, the" educational content", but also the constant interaction, the conditions of the organization of cognitive activity — in other words, the" educational context " of social and cultural renewal, which is also possible with the help of ICT.

For a successful education policy needs:

  • correctly assess the current situation and set specific goals;
  • consider possible ways to achieve them;
  • implement the plan and evaluate the results. Thus, the task of forming education policy is, first, to determine the uniqueness and value of the education system and, second, to develop strategies for its further development.

The issues of teaching and learning are of great importance to the information society. The development of information and communication technologies creates an environment characterized by rapid and continuous change. In the context of such changes, it is necessary to develop a fundamentally new approach to the education process. People today need not only new practical skills and theoretical knowledge, but also the ability to constantly improve this knowledge and skills. In other words, humanity needs to adopt and develop a culture of lifelong learning. New technologies are destroying the framework of the traditional educational process. Learning can no longer be considered just a durable tradition, the observance of which is necessary for the person only in the early stage of life. The use of ICT leads to the destruction of age, temporal and spatial barriers and enables everyone to learn throughout life.

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Азимжонов, У.А. Использование информационных и коммуникационных технологий (ИКТ) в образовании / У.А. Азимжонов. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2018. — № 85. — С. 70-72. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/15274 (дата обращения: 15.08.2022).