You can talk a lot about what new horizons and opportunities opened up before us thanks to independence, about the results achieved. Among our great achievements, which will be forever inscribed in the annals of our independent homeland, there is one whose value cannot be measured and cannot be overestimated.
This is our harmoniously developed, physically and spiritually healthy young generation, mastering modern knowledge and professions, independently thinking, becoming the decisive force of our life and, most importantly, able to take responsibility for the future of the country.
It is to them, gathered on this magnificent square filled with young enthusiasm and energy of the young men and women, and in their person — all the youth of the country would like to say today:
Such happiness is not given to everyone — to be born and live on the beautiful and unique land blessed by the Most High, whose name is Uzbekistan. And my most cherished desire is for this vital truth to penetrate deep into your souls and hearts. May you always be accompanied by a feeling of love for the Motherland, devotion to your native land.
The Republic of Uzbekistan is building a democratic state of law and an open civil society that ensures the observance of human rights and freedoms, the spiritual renewal of society, the formation of a socially oriented market economy, and integration into the world community.
The main goal and driving force of the transformations being implemented in the country is the person, his harmonious development and well-being, the creation of conditions and effective mechanisms for realizing the interests of the individual, changing the outdated stereotypes of thinking and social behavior. An important condition for the development of Uzbekistan is the formation of a perfect system of personnel training based on the rich intellectual heritage of the people and human values,
The task of our schools is to create a harmoniously developed personality. The most important indicator of a comprehensively and harmoniously developed personality is the presence of a high level of mental abilities. If learning leads to the development of creative abilities, then it can be combined with developmental learning, that is, in which the teacher, relying on knowledge of the laws of thought development, special pedagogical means, conducts purposeful work on the formation of the cognitive abilities and cognitive needs of their students in the process. learning the purpose of the foundations of science. Such training is problematic.
The basic, basic, initial concept in the theory of problem-based learning.
denoted by the term "problem situation". Before turning to the definition of the essence and the description of the structure should be understood concept of "problem". The word "problem" in the Russian language has many meanings. Its most common meaning is “a complex question, a task that requires solving” (SI. Ozhegov). Why do problems arise? They arise because the existing, existing state of affairs contradicts to some needs of man, nature, society, state, science. Indeed: on the one hand, man needs progress and a healthy environment; on the other hand, in the course of scientific progress, man destroys the environment.
For a more successful application of problem situations in the classroom, as well as to determine the effectiveness of the use of problem-based learning in this class, I conducted two types of diagnostic studies:
1 survey — identifying stage at the beginning of the study,
2 questionnaire — determining the degree of effectiveness after the developmental stage at the end of the study.
The results of the observation of the activity of the cognitive activity of students in the lessons of the Russian language in the 3rd grade.
In the class of 30 people. All data was recorded by me during all the lessons. When using the method of problem-based learning, students gained 400% of the lesson and the number of students 121 times, while using the explanatory method, the illustrative method gained 320% and 96 people.
Thus, the use of the method of problem-based learning in the study of the Russian language in elementary school contributes to the development of the cognitive activity of the younger student and is manifested in the intensification of this activity.
Findings. So, the use of problem situations in primary classes contributes to:
- increasing interest in learning;
- provides a developing effect and motivation for learning;
- does not allow fatigue in the lesson;
- provides an atmosphere of cooperation between the teacher and student;
- develops speech, logical thinking;
- develops the personality of the child, his creative abilities and interest in objects;
- develops an active position of children,
what helps the teacher to accomplish one of the important tasks set by the school reform is to form pupils' independent cognition, active, creative thinking. The development of such abilities can only be carried out in the creative independent activity of students, specially organized by the teacher in the learning process.
Recommendations. The use of technology of problem-based education in primary schools, I believe, also has an impact on improving the quality of instruction in the Russian language.
- The technology of problem-based learning will be effective provided that this material is adapted for schools in Uzbekistan, only then it will be universal, applicable at any level and in any subject content.
- Primary school teachers who teach several subjects in one class, I recommend integrating interdisciplinary communication and applying this learning technology.
- It should be noted that primary school textbooks are designed in such a way that they contain enough material to create problem situations and solutions to find a solution.