Педагогическое просвещение родителей

№91-1,

педагогические науки

В процессе педагогической деятельности учитель одновременно является и классным руководителем, где возникает необходимость проведения просветительской работы среди родителей по повышению уровня знаний по психологии и педагогики.

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A significant place in the system of work of the class teacher with parents of students is given to psychological and pedagogical education. The accumulation of psychological and pedagogical knowledge of parents should be closely connected with the development of their pedagogical thinking, practical skills in the field of education. It is necessary that the information be of a preventive nature, be based on practical expediency, demonstrate experience, concrete facts. This determines the selection of content, as well as forms of organization of pedagogical education.

The University of pedagogical knowledge is a form of psychological and pedagogical education of parents. It equips them with the necessary knowledge, the basics of pedagogical culture, introduces the relevant issues of education taking into account the age and needs of parents, promotes the establishment of contacts of parents with the public, the family with the school, as well as the interaction of parents and teachers in educational work. The program of University is made by the teacher taking into account a contingent of pupils of a class and their parents. Forms of organization of classes at the University of pedagogical knowledge are quite diverse: lectures, talks, workshops, conferences for parents, etc.

Lecture-a form of psychological and pedagogical education, revealing the essence of a problem of education. The best lecturer is the teacher-educator who knows the interests, problems and concerns of parents.

The main thing in the lecture is the scientific analysis of educational phenomena and situations. Therefore, the lecture should reveal the causes of phenomena, the conditions of their course, the mechanism of the child's behavior, patterns of development of his psyche, the rules of family education.

In preparing the lecture should take into account its structure, logic, you can make a plan with the main ideas, thoughts, facts and figures. One of the necessary conditions of lectures is the reliance on the experience of family education. The method of communication during the lecture-a casual conversation, intimate conversation, dialogue of interested like-minded people.

Subjects of lectures should be diverse, interesting and relevant for parents, for example: "Age characteristics of younger adolescents", "mode of the day of the student", "What is self-education?", "Individual approach and taking into account the age characteristics of adolescents in family education", "Child and nature", "Art in the life of children", "Sex education of children in the family", etc.

The conference is a form of pedagogical education, providing for the expansion, deepening and consolidation of knowledge about the upbringing of children. Conferences can be scientific-practical, theoretical, reading, exchange of experience, conferences of mothers, fathers. Conferences are held once a year, they require careful preparation and involve the active participation of parents. These are usually prepared exhibitions of student work, books for parents, concerts of Amateur performances.

Conference topics should be specific, such as: "Playing in the life of a child", "moral education of adolescents in the family", etc.to collect material and attract the attention of parents, in the classroom of the University of pedagogical knowledge prior to the conference, it is sometimes proposed to fill in a brief questionnaire.

The conference is usually opened by the opening speech of the school principal (if it is a General school conference) or class teacher (if it is classroom). Parents give brief, pre-prepared reports on their experience of family education. Such messages can be three-four. Then the floor is given to everyone. To sum up, the host of the conference.

The workshop is form developing parenting pedagogical skills for raising children, effective problem-solving pedagogical situations, a kind of training of pedagogical thinking parents.

During the pedagogical workshop the teacher offers to find a way out of any conflict situation that may arise in the relationship of parents and children, parents and schools, etc., to explain their position in a particular alleged or actual situation.

Open classes are usually organized in order to familiarize parents with new programs on the subject, teaching methods, teacher requirements. The most often open lessons are practiced in primary school. You must have at least one to two times a semester to give parents an opportunity to attend an open lesson. This will avoid many conflicts caused by parents ' ignorance and misunderstanding of the complexity and specificity of educational activities in today's school.

In many schools, parents are frequent guests at extracurricular activities. These are sports competitions "Dad, mom, I am a sports family" and "Lights" dedicated to the International women's day on March 8, and the evening "Meeting with the profession", and Amateur concerts. All this allows parents to get to know their children better, to discover unknown sides of their interests, Hobbies and talent.

Pedagogical discussion (dispute) is one of the most interesting forms of improving pedagogical culture. A distinctive feature of the dispute is that it allows you to involve all those present in the discussion of the problems, contributes to the development of the ability to comprehensively analyze the facts and phenomena, based on the acquired skills and experience. The success of the dispute depends largely on its preparation. In about a month, participants should get acquainted with the theme of the future debate, the main issues, literature. The most important part of the dispute is the conduct of the dispute. Many here determines the behavior of the host (they can be the teacher or someone from parents). It is necessary to set the rules in advance, listen to all the speeches, offer, argue your position, at the end of the debate to sum up, draw conclusions. The main principle of the dispute is respect for the position and opinion of any participant.

The theme of the dispute can be any controversial problem of family and school education, for example: "Private school-for and against", " choice of profession-whose is it?".

Role play — a form of collective creative activity to study the level of formation of pedagogical skills of participants. Exemplary themes of role-playing games with parents can be the following: "Morning in your house", "the Child came from school", "Family Council", etc.the technique of role-playing game provides definition of a theme, structure of participants, distribution of roles between them, preliminary discussion of possible positions and options of behavior of participants of game. At the same time, it is important to lose several options (positive and negative) behavior of the participants of the game and by joint discussion to choose the best way of action for this situation.

Individual thematic consultations. Often, in solving a complex problem, the teacher can get help directly from the parents of the students, and this should not be neglected. Consultations with parents are useful both for themselves and for the teacher. Parents get a real idea of the school Affairs and behavior of the child, the teacher — the necessary information for a deeper understanding of the problems of each student.