The implementation of all the tasks of education is connected with the personality of the teacher, with the need for its continuous improvement and improvement of professionalism. What is the professional formation of a teacher? What is required for effective promotion in the professional ladder? The result of the professional development of any subject of activity is his professional skills. The main skill of each highly qualified specialist is the skill of self-education. "The teacher lives as long as he studies" (K. D. Ushinsky).
What is self-education? Professional self-education of the teacher is a multicomponent personal and professionally significant independent cognitive activity of the teacher, which includes General education, subject, psychological, pedagogical and methodical self-education (Pedagogical dictionary. — M., 2000.- P. 132). Self-education is considered in two meanings:" self-learning "(self-learning) and" self-creation " (self-creation). Functions of self-education: 1) extensive-accumulation, acquisition of new knowledge; 2) indicative-determination of the place in society; 3) compensatory — to overcome the shortcomings of school education, the elimination of "white spots" in education; 4) self-development; 5) methodological; 6) communicative; 7) co-creation; 8) rejuvenation; 9) psychological (psychotherapeutic); 10) gerontological.
How to manage your own development? 1. To build a professional and educational strategy-educational trajectory-to choose the path in obtaining qualifications in the chosen field, taking into account the demand in the labor market; 2. Self-organization and self — realization-management of their behavior; 3. Self-education and self — knowledge-awareness of the real Self.the Specificity of the profession of the teacher: he works with a Person and his (teacher) self is a "working tool". It is in the teaching profession that personal growth is an indispensable condition for achieving professionalism. What is professionalism? Professionalism — the degree of mastery of an individual's professional skills, and a professional-an individual, whose main occupation is his profession; a specialist in his field, having the appropriate training and qualifications (Sociological encyclopedic dictionary. — M., 1998).
Conditions for achieving professionalism: the development of common abilities; transformation of universal and national values in his own (i.e. moral education); personal attitude to the profession; understanding of their personal professional activities; personal experience of life in General; features of individual vision of the means of activity (are the main content of the formation of the personality of a specialist); goals and methods of professional activity; methodological guidelines and norms of professional thinking.
Factors affecting the professional development: the professional activity itself; the way to enter the profession; the length of stay in the profession (long experience does not speak about the level of professionalism; stereotypes hinder development). Negative factors complicate the process of professional development. These include crises: the lack of implementation (the"life program is not implemented", "life failed", "no luck"); exhausted ("exhausted, are not able to implement the plan");
The external side of the professional growth of the teacher and the factors affecting him (their three groups): 1) the individual characteristics of the person-century; 2) the need of society in certain specialists, the demand for certain professions (with the development of the market economy has increased the relevance of "non-prestigious" specialties-financiers, economists, accountants); nearby opportunities (ie resources that a person has when choosing a profession: the possibility of protection, University near home, a certain level of knowledge that limits the choice of a particular University, financial situation, etc.).
Scientific organization of pedagogical work (SOPW)
Pedagogical work is one of the types of work where the teacher and the student actively interact (the latter act not only as objects, but also as subjects of activity), material and spiritual means, working conditions. Scientific-organized work can be called only if it is based on modern achievements of science and practice, on a comprehensive methodological analysis of labor processes, the complex use of all factors.
SOPW laws: 1) maximum economy and efficient use of time; 2) creation and effective use of favorable working and leisure conditions; 3) health care and comprehensive development of all participants in the labor process.