Семантические особенности цветов в узбекском языке

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В статье описаны лексико-семантические особенности цветов в узбекском семантическом поле образования. Особое внимание уделяется развитию смысловых и гендерных особенностей цветовых качеств. Автор использовал разные источники для описания семантических особенностей черного и белого цветов с помощью фразеологизмов и предложений, взятых из разных известных узбекских романов

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In the Uzbek language, colors, their semantic and lexical properties are of great importance and are one of the most important topics to be studied today. This article also analyzes the semantic properties of colors on the basis of works and commentary. In our minds, the color matches the color of the three familiar units. Many of the names of the color are derived directly from the characteristic colors of the object in the abyss, such as sand, sea wave, emerald, chocolate, coral, raspberry, cherry, cream, and so on . A color that represents the name of a color, that is, one that is called red, one that is blue, and one that is yellow, is called a hue. Interestingly, in natural daylight, the human eye is able to distinguish about 180 shades of color and about 10 levels of saturation. In all, the advanced human eye has the ability to distinguish about 360 colors. Blue. Blue, which is the color of a clear sky, is generally called blue, which is a number of similar colors that correspond to the color blue in general. In live speech, we sometimes use the color blue with the quality of blue. Blue wolf, blue dove.

The quality of blue has the following meanings: green, green, green grass: Blue leaves vibrate in front of me every moment.

  1. Grass, greenery: It rained, grass began to appear on the ground, the animals mouths touched the sky.
  2. Under the pretext of harvesting, the fields began to fall. (Cholpon)
  3. Rezavor plants There is a delicious smell of blueberry. (A.Muxtor)

Caught with a bundle of blue, the work is messy. The word blue is a determinant of the object, and in addition to expressing its color, it can indicate the natural state, such as raw, immature, cave. Green grapes, green peppers, green onions, green peas, green twigs, etc. When you feed them, your teeth will be clenched and your mouth will be filled with saliva. (Oybek)

In the works of Alisher Navoi, the word blue is used in several senses, in addition to symbolism, such as sky, tree root, logo, foundation, sound, ready, complete. The word blue also has the property of jumping and is used in various metaphors.

The quality of red, in addition to the color, gives such concepts as blood, tulip, charcoal, ruby. The word "red" is included in the fund of ancient and basic words of the Uzbek dictionary. The same word can be found in the monument "Kul-Tegin". This color is used as an adjective for simple objects. In order to increase the sensitivity, to convey expressive-emotional, despite the fact that the color of the object is red, it is preceded by the adjective red, sometimes the word comes in the form of crimson, and the meaning is exaggerated. Your mouth was once covered in red blood, and cries were heard in the sky. (Passionate) The color of the face and body that is prone to this color is also called redness. Red was added to the red of his color. (Aydin) In the poems of poets, objects such as tulips, rubies, dawn, blood are often expressed in connection with the word red. Sometimes these words are used instead of the adjective red. I have a bowl full of wine It is as red as a spring tulip. (H. Olimjon)

The purple lexeme also serves to express the color of the object. The word Alvon is explained in the "Explanatory Dictionary of the Uzbek language" as follows: 1. Red, crimson, crimson. For example: Here are the most original flowers, Velvet carpet, purple base. (H.Olimjon) 2. Red fabric. 3. Variety, variety. How many red birds fly from one nest (N.Safarov). The word crimson is used to describe the meaning of color, variety, variety. Sometimes a lexeme of crimson can mean "red, yellow" instead of red: A fire on the seashore As the sun rose, a crimson light shone. (Shukrullo) It seems that the red lexeme has a wide range of meanings in our language.

The word "blue" was translated from Uzbek into Arabic as a color word. Used only in the sense of color, the word means blue, and is used in the language as a synonym for the word blue. Often the color of the eyes, water, air means: 1. Game, sway, my blue sea, Your shores are covered with light. (X. Saloh) 2. Now Darmonoy fell asleep, her blue eyes opened like a lamp, she lay down looking at Saodat. (N. Safarov) There are also words in our speech that express colors, such as pistachio, pink, red, brown, which also represent a specific character. They are white, yellow, red, blue, green, liver, black. These colors have the properties of expressing emotions, expressing the state, representing the place. Based on the ancient totemistic and animistic views of the people, each color has its own meaning. For example: white — goodness, red — joy, green — vitality, yellow — separation and so on.

Colors are closely connected with the socio-cultural life, customs, rituals, ancient views of a nation. The mythological and religious views of the peoples are also reflected differently in color. In addition, the social life of nations, the geographical environment also leads to diversity of attitudes towards colors. In particular, the poles of the world are represented in four colors: east — green, south — red, north — black, west — white. On this basis, the color is considered sacred to the inhabitants of each region. In general, adjectives are words that are actively used in the language, especially in fiction, and have a special place with their semantic and lexical features. The role of color in the creation of colorful and playful images, metaphors, metonyms is invaluable.

In general, color-expressing adjectives are words that are actively used in language, especially in fiction, and occupy a special place with their semantic and lexical featuresThe role of color in the creation of artistic images, metaphors, metonyms is invaluable.

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Список литературы

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  2. Asadov T. So'z turkumlari tizimida ravish. Monografiya. T.: Muharrir, 2010, 132
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Шакирова, М.Б. Семантические особенности цветов в узбекском языке / М.Б. Шакирова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2021. — № 124. — С. 35-36. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/18454 (дата обращения: 25.05.2022).