Захватывающие черты немецкой культуры

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Аннотация

С середины ХХ века культура в Германии изменилась благодаря нескольким факторам, в которых мировые войны сохраняют главную роль. После многих лет исследований и исследований культура и традиции этой страны по-прежнему вызывают интерес тысяч, если не миллионов людей на международной арене. Эта статья дает исчерпывающую информацию о выдающихся чертах немецкой культуры.

Ключевые слова

ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ, АСПЕКТЫ КУЛЬТУРЫ, КУЛЬТУРНЫЙ ФОН, ПАТРИОТИЗМ

Текст научной работы

Introduction

The book «The Seduction of Culture in German History» concerns mainly not only Germany itself but its obsession with its traditions and the effect of policy on the relationships with other countries. Various aspects of culture in Germany can be comprehended by reading this book and this article, in turn, involves relevant information about it.

Materials and Methods

The history of this country is long, and it has always taken part in the most important European events in one way or another. However, for many, Germany enters history with the Nazi regime in 1933, the government that brings it to World War II and be the perpetrator of one of the most terrible tragedies of human civilization, the Holocaust. Later, after the war, there would be a division of the territory between the German Federal Republic and the German Democratic Republic. the capitalist part and the communist party under Soviet rule. Thus, his life lasted almost until the end of the twentieth century, when those of us over 40 saw on TV the fall of the Berlin Wall and the beginning of a new era.

The cultural background today

Today Germany stands as a world economic power, industry and technology leader, with a good universal medical system, free public education and a good standard of living. In Germany, there is a wide range of religions, customs and traditions a product of immigration, but even so, with this wealth, there are certain constants that can be noted in the behaviour of Germans.

Germany is a country of thinkers, philosophers and businessmen. As a common denominator, we can say without fear of error that the Germans are logical and reasonable and, therefore, they are also structured and ordered. In this sense, the main constant that can be called is punctuality.

Characteristics of the Germans. It is true that many Germans tend to place punctuality as a high priority. Hence the global observation that German trains often run perfectly on time. German people tend to be thrifty, sensible, and respect one another’s privacy, and they typically respect the structure and laws of society to an above-average degree. There is no place where this sense of ‘order’ is more apparent than in German business culture.

Traditionally, German people tie a lot of importance to notions of family and community. Regarding the latter, this is partially where the well-known ‘rule-following’ and orderly nature of the German people comes from: if everyone in the community follows the rules and does things the right way, the neighbourhood/town/city/country will be a nice place for all residents to live, hence why many might seem like sticklers when it comes to correct recycling and late-night noise — they take it seriously for the sake of everyone.

Like the Japanese, the Germans are punctual people and this makes whatever it takes to work on time to get it done. I'm talking about transport or care in public buildings. The order is followed and this ensures the best results. Trains are not late here, buses and planes are not late, and clocks always work well. Plans are put into practice to the letter, following the motto, which reads something like "punctuality is the kindness of kings."

Therefore, if you are going to communicate with a German, you better be punctual and stick to the schedule you set. Even the unwritten rule says that it is better to arrive five minutes earlier than the appointed time than one minute late.

On the other hand, although Germans have a reputation for being cold, ideas about family and community are firmly entrenched. The community follows the rules, and therefore there are no problems of coexistence, whether in a district, a city, a city or an entire country. Rules must be followed. La gender equality is what people think and think about. In fact, Chancellor Merkel herself recently declared herself a feminist after a pause. The country respects the rights of LGTB society and, for a time, immigration policy.

Although it is a historically Christian country, today it has a large Muslim population, which is why the moon and the star of Islam have become part of the symbolic German culture. We can also name such symbolic people as Marx, Kant, Beethoven or Goethe, for example.

What about German food culture? It revolves around cooking, where meat is very popular and almost always present in every meal during the day, along with pot and potatoes, los Embutidos, el cheese, los pickles. Dinner at restaurants is popular and today there are restaurants of other nationalities, so the food here is very varied. During the traditional costume, you have to name the famous Lederhosen used by the villagers closely associated with the Bavarian or Tyrolean culture. In the case of women, the typical costume is a pleated skirt, a costume with a very flamboyant blouse and skirt, which apparently are no longer used even in the countryside, but are used at beer festivals or other folk events.

Results and discussion

The interview of a student with a teacher about the book and whether it can be applied to university students’ schedules to enhance their knowledge about European culture, particularly Germany.

Student. This book contains relevant and captive information about Germany’s culture, so what do you think can it be applied to university lessons?

Teacher. It can be said that the book fully covers all aspects of the country’s way of living and their attitude and respect for their culture. I believe that it can be applied as for most students it can be interesting and informative from both cultural and historical sides.

Student. Do you think that all the information supplied in the book can be given to students as a material for learning about culture?

Teacher. As far as I am concerned, not all parts of the book are appropriate to teach students about them. But they are not much in number. I think that those parts should be removed if it is aimed to be given as authentic material for students to learn.

Student. And what is your opinion about the habits and characteristics of German people in the book? Should they also be taught to students?

Teacher. I think, yes. They can be demonstrated as they can also be considered intriguing. They can know how Germans value cultural achievement above all else. Of course, it can be both positive and negative at the same time, but students should be explained why it is like this.

Conclusion

As we have already recommended, German culture should be taught thoroughly in terms of European cultures as it covers a lot of morals and relevant information which can be advantageous in teaching cultural values to students.

Читайте также

Список литературы

  1. Wolf Lepenies “the Seduction Of Culture in German History”
  2. Engstler, H. & Nowossadeck, S. (2014). Families in Germany — Facts and Figures. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Heribert_Engstler/publication/242690194_Families_in_Germany_-_Facts_and_Figures/links/53fd8c870cf2364ccc08cebb/Families-in-Germany-Facts-and-Figures.pdf
  3. Facts About Germany. (2015). Society. Retrieved from https://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de/en/categories/society
  4. Facts About Germany. (2016). Diverse living Arrangements. Retrieved from https://www.tatsachen-ueber-deutschland.de/en/categories/society/diverse-living-arrangements

Цитировать

Шакирова, М.Б. Захватывающие черты немецкой культуры / М.Б. Шакирова, М.М. Аскарова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2022. — № 133. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19328 (дата обращения: 15.08.2022).

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