There are benefits and drawbacks to growing up in a technologically advanced day. These developments have increased productivity, but occasionally the use of technology might take precedence over older methods. This is especially true in the publishing industry. These technological developments appear to have created a whole new environment for how information is viewed. People will have clear preferences as to which they are more likely to utilize due to differences in how consumers use these products. Most users of academic sources are certainly students. Because they are always in action research by using resources. Due to technologies books have two types of appearance: e-version and printed. Since people can remember, reading has played a significant role in their life [Хайруллаева, 2022]. Why individuals choose print or e-books and the factors that influence their decision-making are the topics of the research that most interest me. Additionally, I'm curious to hear if readers with impairments prefer a certain genre of book. I'm extremely keen to discover what finally leads consumers to choose a physical book over an e-book because there are so many choices that must be made. I am a student and I thought it would be interesting to know the opinion of those who are in the same status as me. It is interesting to know which appearance students prefer to use. This survey is devoted to identify student’s choice. The aim of the survey is to find out the current issues and solve them in properly way. To achieve this goal, A number of objectives are set. They are as follows:
- Making 10 question with some option;
- Inserting questions into «google forms»;
- Distributing questions by Telegram;
- Gathering answers;
This poll involves some other researchers work which related to the topic, how was gathered answers and analyzed them and recommendation some solution.
Transitioning over a digital age, technologies turn into a main part of individuals’ life. Particularly education cannot be imagined without technologies. Therefore, printed book is losing its prestige day by day. In 2015 Mikayla Nicole Byars who Bachelor of California polytechnic state university, San Luis Obispo conducted a survey to determine whether age students prefer to read from printed books or e-books when reading for pleasure and for school. Overall, it is concluded that college aged students prefer printed books to e-books in both reading for pleasure and in reading for school. There are many factors that go into the decision of an e-book versus a printed one, such as cost, portability, durability, reading conditions, and lifetime(Mikayla Nicole Byars (2015) Printed Books versus Digital Books). Next researchers are Jonathan Bunkell are Sharon Dyas-Correia. Jonathan Bunkell, Vice President of Online Book Sales for Elsevier, Ltd., presented an examination of e-books versus print books in order to assess which is the better value. Elsevier has done considerable research on thee-books they currently have online, which include major reference works,book series, and monographs. Their purpose by doing this examination wass to consider the advantages of collecting online books as opposed to print and to present evidence that online books are a cost-effective solution that becomes more cost-effective over time. Bunkell cited a study from the University of Texas that determined that the cost per use for printed books is between $3.24 and $28.57 when ongoing costs including heating, cooling, shelving, and maintenance are included. Elsevier research indicates that the initial cost of online books per use is between $0.25 and $4.80, there are lower ongoing costs for online books than for print (Jonathan Bunkell & Sharon Dyas-Correia (2009) E-Books vs. Print: Which is the Better Value?). They came a conclusion that online books offer a substantially more cost-effective and powerful solution than print books, and they generate more usage than print books.
In another research a range of researchers came a conclusion as «While print still has an advantage over electronic format in terms of how scholars will use the material (visibility of images, ease of navigation, note taking). Although there is still a large portion of students across disciplines that prefer print, data from this study indicates that many students are willing to adapt to the ebook option»(Cummings, Lee; Larrivee, Anne; and Vega, Leslie, "Comparing Electronic vs. Print Book Preferences Between Students in the Social Sciences, the Arts and STEM" (2015)).
Some statistics are stated in the article of «Paper Books vs eBooks Statistics, Trends and Facts » by Rob Errera. They are as follows:
- Print books out-sell eBooks 4-to1;
- 191 million e-books were sold in the United States in 2020;
- Printed book sales amounted to 750.89 million units in 2020;
- Print book sales have increased 13.2% between 2020 and 2021, and 21% between 2019 and 2021;
- eBook sales grew by 22% in 2020;
- eBook sales have decreased 8% in 2021 but are still 8% higher than they were in 2019;
- In 2020, 19% of adult readers owned an e-reader, a decrease from 32% of adult readers who owned e-readers in 2014.
These statistics show that printed books’ value is enlarging nevertheless technologies ar covering every aspect of our lives.
For conducting a survey «Google forms» was used on the phone. Not only It works on the phone but computers or other technologies which is connected to Internet Google can be utilized from «Google forms». Most people who worked with the function claimed that «Google forms» is a easy and convenient way for surveys and exams. First, 10 test questions were made and then inserted them to the «Google forms» for information gathering purposes. Next work which should be done was that is to distribute the poll to students by special nets. Telegram is one of best option the reason why, statistically, telegram is one of the most widely used information exchange programs among people especially, students. The link of the 10 questionnaires was conveyed to students’ groups and channels. It must be admitted that it was not easy to collect students’ answers. They are so careless to surveys, at the same time they do not want to spend time to respond for questions. Perhaps they have a lot to do or surveys are not interesting for them. Anyway, the link was sent again and again. Finally, answers were accumulated.
Which types of sources do you usually use? According to the analyses of collected data, most students assigned e-version option. So, they use more e-books than printed one. However, the users of physical book are not less. In the pie chart it seems that there are students who value printed books. 39.1 percent students prefer printed books to e-version ones. Nevertheless, the number of students who appreciate e-books is leading with a margin of 47.8 percent (picture 1).
Libraries are a place of printed books. They are open for everyone in particular time. The questionnaire shows that 43.5% students go to library only once a week. However, there are 39.1% students who go there twice a week. The 82.6 percentage of students want the university to provide them with all necessary resources by renting. However if we analyse conscientiously, it demands enormous finance. Additionally, the university has plenty of printed books which gives for rent. It is interesting that anyway students choose e-books. This is also evident in their response to the questionnaire how many printed sources you have and whether you want to have a heavy bag when you are in the street. 87% students have a many physical books but they don’t use them. Because the 78.3 percentage of students can’t be bothered to carry their weight. 60.9 percent of students gave a negative answer to the question of whether the book price is satisfactory or not. So, another reason why students prefer e-books is the price. On the other hand, students admit that electronic devices are the cause of decreased eyesight. It is 72.7% in the survey. However, it is amusing that students prefer to use e-books (Picture 2).
Conclusion and recommendation
To sum up the whole survey, according to answer, students gave positive responses for printed books. In spite of there are some conflict answer like that students chose e-book to use but they have a lot of printed books, go to library. Some factor may influence to this situation. For instance searching information, paraphrasing, portablity and so on can be major factor to choose e-version. It is seen by piechart that most students prefer printed sources. The issues of the topic are unsatisfied price of book, decreasing eyesight, weight and etc. It is recommended some solutions to these confrontational issues. Due to technologies age we can not withdraw phones, computers and others. We possibly should reduce using them cause of their harmful lights and ease to digress. It is claimed that sometimes you may not find books you need, but library has lots of books and chances to offer you. Moreover, printed sources have reliable information and there are no any orthographic mistakes.