Corruption is a terrible evil that affects the society and the state in different ways and affects every country, whether it is rich or poor. As a result of this disease, the economy and political situation of developed countries in the society, as well as the activity of the markets, will suffer. Corruption is the cause of the deep rooting of terrorism and similar crimes, harming the safety of human life. Despite the fact that many efforts are being made by the world community to eliminate this harmful disease, this disease has taken deep roots among nations, and it has not yet been completely removed from the life of society. Low level of legal literacy among the population, lack of knowledge or understanding of the legal field creates an opportunity for officials to commit a lot of corruption. Since this topic is very relevant among young people, I conducted a survey to study the attitude of my peers to corruption. I was interested in their opinion about their personal attitude and what measures should be taken against corruption.
Through this questionnaire, I aimed to analyze the causes of corruption and measures to prevent it. To do this, I set several objectives. These are:
- 10 questions on the topic;
- Preparing a list of questions through google forms;
- Survey among young people through the Telegram application;
- Collect the answers;
In this survey, I studied other people's survey and solutions in this field and used it in my survey.
A number of things are being done to prevent corruption in the state. Because it is a very destructive and socio-political force. As Aristotle said: "Whoever gets power with money, his only goal is to get profit from it." (O'z.A). In addition, Islam condemns corruption. In Islam, it is written that God's curse be upon the bribe giver and the bribe receiver.
The author analyzed the state of corruption in some countries in Eastern Europe in 2002-2005 and concluded that bribery in these countries, especially in customs offices, decreased due to some changes in legislation, effective anti-corruption efforts, improvement of sanctions and audit systems. observes. The USA, World Bank, European Union and 8 participating governments and others have studied the situation in South-Eastern Europe and noted positive cooperation on simplification of procedures in this regard.(Anderson, H. James and Cheryl W. Gray (2007), «Policies and Corruption Outcomes» in Anticorruption in Transition 3. Who is Succeeding…and Why?, The World Bank, pp. 43-77.). Regarding this, Joey emphasizes that in order to get the state out of corruption, regardless of the state level, it is necessary to strengthen the internal audit and internal control in the state. He explains that a conceptual approach is needed.(Baltaci, Mustafa and Serdar Yilmaz (2006), Keeping an Eye on Subnational Governments: Internal Control and Audit at Local Levels, The World Bank). According to the theory of Klitgaard (1998), illegal trade, the weakness of the regulatory control and legal system, the absence of an appropriate accountability system, and the personnel system that does not meet the quality create the basis for the wide spread of corruption. This theory is supported by Tuan Minh Le (2007) and Fjeldstadt (1998). In fact, Fjeldstadt advocates that it is not necessary to strengthen moral behavior, but rather to raise wages. He says that wages should at least correspond to living standards.(Ferreira, Carlos, Michael Engelschalk, and William Mayville (2007), «The Challenge of Combating Corruption in Customs Administrations,» in J. Edgardo Campos and Sanjav Pradhan, The Many Faces of Corruption: Tracking Vulnerabilities at the Sector Level, The World Bank, pp. 367-386.)
In order to prepare this questionnaire, I read several articles and legal manuals on this topic. I gathered information about the relevance of this topic and its impact on the development of society through the Internet. For this survey, I used Google form software. Because this software is very convenient and popular software for conducting surveys. Google form is very convenient because it works on a computer as well as on a phone. I created 10 questions for this survey and created it in Google form. Since the Telegram program is convenient for everyone and popular among young people, I sent my survey to groups in the Telegram program where young people are concentrated. I sent my questionnaire to several groups, mostly young people. In fact, I had to send my questionnaire again and again, because many young people were unfortunately indifferent. But after several attempts I managed to get enough young people to participate in this survey.
Analyzing the conducted survey, we were sure that many young people are against corruption. They prefer a way of life without corruption.77.8 percent of young people answered yes to the question of whether they are against corruption, although 22.2percent believe that problems with corruption can be solvedeasily.(graph 1)
In addition, most of the young people noted that there is a lot of corruption in the field of education, and some of them even admitted that this situation has been observed several times, although they are against corruption. It was a very surprising situation that they themselves were participants in the evil they were against.
Many young people rated the level of corruption in the society they live in highly and said they were dissatisfied with it. 72.7 percent of them were in favor of the government issuing new and strict laws against corruption. 13.6% of them say that the creation of new strict laws against corruption is useless, and the remaining 13.6% of young people are unfortunately not interested in this.(graph 2).
During the survey, many young people admitted that they are not aware of legal news.
They emphasized that if measures related to corruption are not taken, it will have a negative impact on the political and economic life of the state. They added that in order to fight against corruption, it is necessary to increase the legal literacy of the population and increase the monthly salary of officials to a sufficient level, at least to the level of living.
Conclusion and recommendation
In short, during the entire survey, almost the majority of young people showed that they are against corruption. Moreover, they showed their strong opinions about corruption. Although they say that they have fallen into the situation of corruption, in fact they emphasized that they are against corruption. Reducing the situation of corruption they expressed their opinions about it, and they told the field in which they witnessed it. In addition, they stated that it is necessary to take an example from the policies of countries with a very low level of corruption, such as Singapore, and to strengthen the sphere of international influence of their actions related to corruption. Therefore, young people are also in favor of anti-corruption, the level of legal literacy and the need for the government to take practical measures against corruption.