Воспитательное значение использования интерактивных методов на уроках начальных классов

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Раздел: Педагогические науки
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Аннотация

В данной статье представлены представления о методах обучения и воспитательных технологиях в начальных классах, с использованием современных инноваций, новых педагогических методик, повышения эффективности обучения.

Ключевые слова

УЧАЩИЙСЯ, МЕТОДИКА, МЕТОДИКА, НАЧАЛЬНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ, ИННОВАЦИОННЫЙ, СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ

Текст научной работы

Today, educating young people to become free-thinking, innovative and well-rounded people is carried out from the primary grades, this process is one of the important tasks. For this reason, the content of education is being radically updated. In the period of junior school age, motivations for independent education arise in the child, and they arise in the simplest form — with interest in additional resources and reading books on various topics along with acquiring knowledge.

Education is a cooperative activity of the teacher and pupils, and in this process, the development of the individual, his education and upbringing is realized. In the lessons, the teacher conveys his knowledge, skills and abilities to students through exercises, and students acquire the ability to use them as a result of mastering them. In the process of learning, students use different forms of learning, that is, they rely on specific differences in receiving, processing and applying the information being learned. In the course of education, issues of education and upbringing are solved in the form of cooperation between teachers and students during classes, independent work of pupils, extracurricular activities.

The purpose of education is formed according to the needs of society. Therefore, the goal of education should be appropriate and proportionate. The goal of education in scientific literature is to create skills and competencies, develop logical-creative thinking, improve communicative literacy, inculcate the national idea, form oriental education, define personality. it is emphasized that it consists of spiritual enrichment. Based on the educational goal, students' communication culture is improved by increasing their independent thinking, oral and written literacy, and developing logical thinking. On the basis of the educational goal, spiritual, ideological and sophisticated education is provided. In the process of language learning, there is an opportunity to get closer to the cultural and moral values of the people.

One of the great sages said, "If you live with anxiety about the future, give your children a good education and teach them." It would not be wrong to say that the reforms implemented in the education system in our country are not a work aimed at achieving results in one or two years or in a short period of time, but in the real sense, it is a change that will last for several hundred years. This shows that our president cares about our future, our future generation, and the idea that all the children of our country — my children, they should be stronger, more educated and definitely happier than us — is a wise policy.

It is known that the implementation of advanced pedagogy and new information technologies in education not only increases the effectiveness of training sessions, but also in the education of an independent and logically thinking, well-rounded and highly moral person by applying the achievements of science in practice. is important.

Today, the interest in using interactive methods and information technologies in the educational process is increasing day by day. One of the reasons for this is that until now, in traditional education, students were taught only to acquire ready-made knowledge, and the use of modern technologies allows them to search for the knowledge they acquire, independent study and thinking, analysis. even teaches them to draw final conclusions themselves. In this process, the teacher creates conditions for the development, formation, learning and education of the individual, and at the same time performs the functions of management and guidance.

It gives a positive result if it is used to repeat games and tasks in the lessons or in reinforcement lessons. The choice of which type of game-task depends on the type of lesson, the level of training of students to perform games-tasks, their level of knowledge, opportunities for independent creative work, the ability to quickly restore what they have learned in memory, and the degree to which creativity is formed. should be

In education, attention is focused on the issue of teaching the student to think, to understand the opinion of others and to be able to express this opinion in oral and written form. takes place. The way of life and cultural creativity of the nation is studied on the basis of its rich historical heritage.

Today, the teacher is required to use advanced pedagogical and new information technologies in the educational process. Based on the above, based on our experiences, we present our thoughts on the ways of teaching and training by using interactive methods in classes. We think that it will provide practical help to our colleagues in increasing the effectiveness of training sessions. Also, he becomes one of the close assistants of students in fulfilling the responsible task of choosing their direction and forming the skills of preparation for independent life. Below we give recommendations on the implementation of modern methods of teaching based on certain topics in the classroom. You use it in a creative way and try to find an answer to the question of our first president: "What are we doing today to instill in our children feelings of pride, pride, and devotion to our motherland, which is sacred for every age" — We hope that you will contribute to achieving the intended goal by implementing modern methods of education.

In this article, as a result of the use of modern approaches and innovative methods in teaching English in primary grades, the development of students' logical thinking skills, fluency in speech, the formation of the ability to quickly and correctly answer, instilling enthusiasm for knowledge, information is given about the effort to prepare thoroughly for classes.

When teaching pupils in primary grades, especially in the first grade, it is necessary to take into account the age, physiological and psychological characteristics of the student. The use of game technologies in education is one of the most effective tools. During the game, their thinking, outlook, and thinking will expand. Scientists believe that the game approach to education facilitates the learning process. It not only makes it easier, but also increases the interest in this subject and encourages the child to acquire deep knowledge. Game-style lessons help children develop their oral language. First graders really like different visuals with pictures or videos. Games should be regularly used to develop their speech through different colored pictures. For example, What is this?, Who is this?, Who knows the most words? games like During the game, it is necessary to encourage children to remember words and pronounce them correctly. It is necessary to pay attention to the principle of individualization of education when presenting the subject with the help of a computer. Some students find it difficult to accept the graphic image of the word, and some have difficulty with the sound image.

We know that in the current educational process, the student should be the subject. Focusing more on interactive methods will increase the effectiveness of education. One of the most important requirements for modern classes is teaching independent thinking. Today, teachers should study the experience of foreign pedagogues and use innovative methods and new pedagogical techniques.

Primary school education methods are slightly different from regular education methods because primary school students are very young. The educational space is characterized as a very dynamic environment where learners of different abilities and personalities come together, and the task of teachers is to be creative and innovative in order to meet the individual needs of each of them. it is important to have effective teachers who are able to implement instructional strategies.

Some of the best teaching methods that can be implemented in elementary schools are:

  1. Visualization. Bringing boring scientific concepts to life through visual and hands-on learning experiences, helping students understand how they apply in real life;
  2. Cooperative learning. Encourage students who are able to work together by encouraging small group or whole class activities;
  3. Instructions upon request. Encouraging pupils to ask questions and explore their own ideas helps them improve their problem-solving skills and deepen their understanding of scientific concepts. Both are important life skills;
  4. Differentiation. Differentiate and define the learning process by dividing tasks according to students' abilities so that no one is left behind;
  5. Professional development. Participating in regular professional development programs is a great way to improve a teacher's teaching skills.

Being an effective teacher is not an easy task because every pupil is unique, but by using a combination of instructional strategies, teachers can take into account the learning styles and knowledge potentials and abilities of the pupils in the classroom. it is necessary to create a dynamic and motivational environment.

Читайте также

Список литературы

  1. Akhmedov M., Abdurakhmanova N. Jumayev M.E. First grade mathematics textbook. Tashkent. "Turan-Iqbal" 2008, 160 pages
  2. The importance of innovative methods in primary classes, Nilufar Mahamadjon, Kyzi Kochkarova, https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/
  3. Features of educational materials in primary grades Bekmurodova, J. A. Features of educational materials in primary grades / J. A. Bekmurodova. — Text: neposredstvennyy // Molodoy uchenyy. — 2020. — No. 2 (292). — S. 445447. — URL: https://moluch.ru/archive/292/65552/ (data processing: 12.01.2021).
  4. Ovcharova R. V. Practical psychology in preschool. — M.: TTs Sphere, 1998. — S. 240.

Цитировать

Каримова, С.С. Воспитательное значение использования интерактивных методов на уроках начальных классов / С.С. Каримова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2023. — № 135. — С. 126-128. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19621 (дата обращения: 04.02.2023).

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