Методика обучения английскому языку роль интегрального образования

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Язык: Английский
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Аннотация

В данной статье подчеркивается важность иностранных языков в Республике Узбекистан и инновационных технологий, необходимых для их изучения. В настоящее время растет потребность в высококвалифицированных и гибких специалистах. Они должны обладать хорошим знанием иностранных языков, чтобы иметь возможность общаться с коллегами из разных стран. Таким образом, преподаватели иностранного языка находятся в постоянном поиске наиболее эффективных способов обучения. В данной статье автор анализирует процесс обучения студентов бакалавриата иностранному (английскому) языку и определяет наиболее эффективные способы обучения общению в профессиональной сфере. В исследовании использованы критический анализ литературы по проблеме, мониторинг процесса обучения иностранному языку, обобщение собственного авторского опыта преподавания. Автор определяет важную роль современных средств массовой информации в обучении иностранному языку и разрабатывает программу обучения студентов бакалавриата английскому языку с использованием медиаобразовательной среды.

Ключевые слова

ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНАЯ СРЕДА, МЕДИЙНАЯ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНАЯ СРЕДА, БАКАЛАВРСКАЯ ПРОГРАММА, ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК, БАКАЛАВРИАТ, СПОСОБЫ ОБУЧЕНИЯ, ОБЩЕНИЕ

Текст научной работы

Introduction

After the independence of our country, interest in teaching foreign languages increased and wide opportunities were created for young people. As the first President Islam Karimov noted, "Currently, teaching foreign languages is of great importance in our country. This is certainly not in vain. The decision of the President was adopted as a logical continuation of these thoughts to educate languages on a large scale for our people, who are building their great future in solidarity and cooperation with our countries, which are striving to take a worthy place in the world community, and our foreign partners. The decision "On measures to further improve the system of teaching foreign languages" adopted on December 10, 2012 expanded the opportunities for learning foreign languages.

Every citizen of the independent Republic of Uzbekistan must be able to read the original literature in a foreign language, understand the text and use it in their profession. They should also be able to communicate freely in a foreign language with their interlocutor on a given topic. After all, learning foreign languages is a requirement of today’s globalized era. Due to independence, special attention is paid to the teaching of foreign languages in our country. Thousands of foreign language teachers have been trained, all conditions have been created for staff training in our country and abroad, multimedia textbooks in English, German and French, electronic resources for learning English have been prepared. The organization of language rooms is a clear proof of this. On the basis of improving the education of the younger generation in foreign languages and the training of specialists who are fluent in these languages a lot of work is being done.

Learning English is becoming a priority of the modern education system. Open cultural and social doors for those who speak this language are all open to economic doors, because the use of English creates more opportunities for reading and working. The latter is highly valued in the context of the competitiveness of each country’s labor market. At a time when the development of science is accelerating, interdisciplinary integration plays a crucial role in the establishment of continuing education. The term integration is derived from the Latin word integrate, meaning to join, to unite. Data integration involves combining and presenting materials available from different sources for a specific purpose.

Integration, on the other hand, is based on interdisciplinary communication, that is, on the knowledge gained in general in the sciences, academic disciplines, their sections and topics. means opening. That integrated learning has its place in English language teaching we can observe. The teacher’s child thinking and different areas its role in arousing interest also justifies itself in this approach.

From this interdisciplinary communication will also increase significantly. In various parts of the education system, pre-school children, primary school students (ages 7-11) and high school students are learning a foreign language. An integrated approach can be used in primary education along with game technology. For high school students, thinking is also a factor in broadening their horizons.

Management of computer networks such as the Internet is necessary in various production and leisure systems. Thus, there is a need to introduce these technologies into pedagogical practice as part of a new teaching strategy. Thus, the use of technology in the language teaching process leads to greater efficiency.

In order to integrate the solution of a problem based on interdisciplinary communication, the teacher must first clearly define the goal, review the material to be studied, select appropriate methods for its effective mastering, determine the form and organization of the lesson process and it is required to predetermine the results to be obtained.

What is the most important thing in improving your students ability of learning a foreign language? Through out the findings which I have found during the researches on teaching English crucial was that for many students isn’t only new world, new way of life, new people and of course new opportunities but also the tool changing them mentally and psychologically. So, how to involve your students in English learning atmosphere requires you much effort. Immersing your students in the target language helps them use it more independently and this can lead to increase confidence and better vocabulary. Students enjoy listening to "real people " speaking the target language, so get our colleagues involved.

Firstly, you can start with encouraging students and staff to use the language. Even if they make mistakes, and emphasize that communication is the key. You could invite a fluent speaker into the classroom, perhaps a master an English friend or a colleague from another university or school, as a guest. Anything show the target language being used in practical situations will emphasize the value of the language as a communicative tool. If we take into consideration grammar, grammar translation method lately has been considered as an old method of teaching and it has also advantages. Grammar is the foundation for building language skills. Learning grammar enables students to speak and write more accurately, confidently and fluently. I have found that asking students to explain grammar rules to each other and to the rest of the class gives them more confidence. The more you learn, use and practice the language, the more accurate and fluent you become. Repetition and practice are essential to many skills, and this is especially true when learning a language. I want to indicate that one of the best ways to learn English is reading. Reading is a learned skill, but good reading relies on more than how we were taught to read. Reading improves writing, writing improves reading. Also, by reading you revise widen what you know and learn what you weren’t aware of before. All things considered, the more you learn and teach, use and practice the language, the more accurate and fluent your students become. Repetition and practice are essential to many skills, and this is especially true when learning a language.

Given the goals and objectives of teaching English in higher education, they can be divided into 2 groups:

  1. Foreign language — universities, institutes, faculties that train specialists in English;
  2. Foreign language — non-philological education that does not train a specialist in English institutions.

The goals of teaching English in these 2 groups are different, and in the first group of higher education institutions, English is taught in depth, both theoretically and practically, due to the training of English language specialists. In the second group, non-philological educational institutions, there is a complex goal in English. The goal is for the student to receive a general education in English and to teach him / her to use English in his / her future work in his / her specialty. Partial communication in the profession involves learning to read and translate texts by learning words related to their specialty.

Teaching foreign languages in higher education institutions includes 1) practical or communicative, 2) general education, 3) education, 4) the use of acquired skills and abilities for other purposes, development goals. General educational, pedagogical and developmental goals occur in the realization of the communicative goal. Let’s take a closer look at these 4 goals:

  1. Communicative (practical) goal: Through this goal, students develop skills in English language materials. Students lexical, grammatical pronunciation should be able to apply the materials independently in speech. English speaking, reading, writing skills are developed;
  2. General educational purpose: Through this purpose to further develop students' thinking, to receive and impart information in English, to gain a deeper understanding of English, new knowledge of English and the history and literature of the people of the country where the language is studied and broadening students ’worldviews through the acquisition of insights and information about their culture. Students ’understanding, growth of thinking, broadening of their worldview will be at the expense of a foreign language or in English;
  3. Educational goal: This goal is to provide international, moral and aesthetic education in a foreign language English class, as well as to cultivate an attitude to work;
  4. Developmental goal: This goal defines the guidelines for learning, teaching students to know the student personally. It develops language analysis, generalization, independent reasoning, listening, speech, and movement skills. It teaches to imagine, to create a speech situation, to have a logical connection in speech, to be able to think independently, to understand the meaning of words, to work independently with a dictionary, manuals, and to take optional classes, develops independent preparation for extracurricular activities, their conduct. The four goals above are always complementary, in touch with each other. These four goals should be achieved through English language materials, speech activities, taught and repeated in each lesson. Upon graduation, students should be able to receive, understand, and express ideas in English orally and in writing.

Читайте также

Список литературы

  1. Article. How can teachers bring modern languages to life in the classroom ’Davinia Hardwick , formerly a British Council English language assistant.
  2. Advice from teachers. How to learn English. By Lauren Draws, Adult Educator at HFM BOCES.
  3. Hobbs, 2016 — Hobbs R. (2016). Lessons in Copyright Activism: K-12 Education and the DMCA 1201 Exemption Rulemaking Process. International Journal of Information and Communication
  4. K.Husanbaeva, R.Niyozmetova "Methods of teaching literature". Page 28
  5. Learning R.x. www.kumon.co.uk/blog/.
  6. Gura, 2007 — Gura V.V. (2007). Theoretical fundamentals of pedagogical development of individually oriented electronic educational resources and environments. Rostov: Southern Federal University.
  7. Technology Education, Volume 12, Issue 1: 50-63.

Цитировать

Сафарова, З.З. Методика обучения английскому языку роль интегрального образования / З.З. Сафарова. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2023. — № 135. — С. 128-130. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19623 (дата обращения: 04.02.2023).

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