Вклад колыбельных в отношения матери и ребенка

№124-1,

филологические науки

Колыбельные, которые на протяжении более тысячи лет являются одним из основных источников нашей культуры, занимают важное и эффективное место в нашей культуре. Большинство матерей считают, что то, как они были воспитаны собственными родителями, очень повлияло на их собственные методы воспитания.

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The mother sings the texts of the lullabies via improvisation and the inspirations she got from her experiences of life. In the due texts the mother refers from time to time to her husband, natural disasters, wars, her happiness, her sorrows etc. with all these tellings the mother is in a way transferring all the happenings of the day to the baby, informing the baby and thus communicating with it. The real reason of why the children are affected by the expressions taking place in the lullabies has its source in the mother’s sharing the events that make her sad or happy in a sincere and heartly way. And so the baby is able to follow the happenings day by day out of what it hears and able to feel its mother’s mood deeply. As a matter of fact that the baby takes its place within the social life even in the period it is in its mother’s womb. Babies are able to feel the love and tension in the environment outside when they are in their mother’s womb. All lullabies are in the form of ballads and are sung in quatrains. Nonetheless, besides the form of quatrains there are various kinds of other forms. As they are generally sung with the intention to send children to sleep there are also harmony in the rhyming and repetition of the sound at the end of every line. The expressions taking place in the lullabies can be toned by the mother in various types just according to the mood of the babies. For example when the babies insist on not sleeping the tone of the mother’s voice may rise and when the babies start taking a sleeping position the tone of her voice may get lower. In each situation the baby gets the message and acts in accordance with the way it is directed to. As a matter of fact there is a biological and psychological bond between the child and the mother that starts even in the period in the mother’s womb.

This powerful bond is realized with the help of the hormones that are secreted in the pre-birth period and the period very close to birth. The due hormones are acting as contributors to reinforce the feeling of motherhood and strengthening the bond that is still present between the mother and the baby much more. This bond that is realized between the mother and the baby becomes so strong and develops so much that the mother can differentiate her baby’s voice amongst tens of crying babies and feels her baby’s getting hungry out of the sharp pain she suffers all over her breasts. And the baby in the same way distinguishes its own mother’s voice and her scent out of tens of women and when it cries it only gets soothed by hearing its own mother’s voice. As a matter of fact the mother’s voice is not foreign to the child. Babies discriminate their mother’s voice even in the period they are in their mother’s womb the reason of which lies in the permanent communication during the pre-natal period. That means babies are able to hear their mother’s voice before birth.

According to scientific researches made recently it is expressed that babies hear the environment outside even when they are in their mother’s womb and react accordingly. According to an announcement “The ears of babies start to be formed onwards the 8 th week even though they don’t function at all. Babies start to hear what happens in the environment outside onwards the 18 th week but react to what they hear onwards the 32 nd week”. And according to another claim it is announced that babies start hearing onwards the 25 th week. Even though there are various claims concerning the periods when babies start hearing and start giving reactions there is an acknowledged common view and this is the fact that babies start hearing when they are in their mother’s womb.

Consequently the mother’s communicating with the baby in her womb, telling it nice words, speaking to it and singing lullabies for it in this pre-natal period are very important things in regard of the emotional development of the child. In case of bad words or debates within the family the baby will be affected negatively so parents should be extra careful in this period and should try hard not to exchange bad words or carry out any kind of debates. Being aware of this fact educators start the education of the child even in the mother’s womb. At the end of the education period in the pre-natal period it has been reached to the conclusion that there is a difference of six months, considering the functions of the intelligence, between babies that are educated and the ones who are not. The fact that babies are able to hear the world outside the womb was declared following the experiments carried out in the 19 th century. Whereas the tradition of singing lullabies, which has its origins in our own culture, has been carrying out the same function for centuries. Consequently this reality is the evidence of how significant the tradition and culture of speaking with children through lullabies, being continued for centuries.

Список литературы

  1. Abad, V., & Edwards, J. (2004). Strengthening families: A role for music therapy in contributing to family centred care. The Australian Journal of Music Therapy, 15, 5-16.
  2. Ainsworth, M. D. (1963). The development of infant-mother interaction among the Ganda. In J. Bowlby, Attachment and Loss. London: Hogarth Press.
  3. Cevasco, A., M. (2008). The effects of mothers' singing on full-term and preterm infants and maternal emotional responses. Journal of Music Therapy, 45(3), 273-306.