Презентация и презентационные навыки

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Раздел: Психологические науки
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Современное общество все больше обращается к публичным выступлениям, ведь это прекрасный способ заявить о себе, своем деле, компании, продукте. Однако не все владеют презентационными навыками, опасаются выступать, тем самым теряя заслуженное признание, известность, востребованность.Данная статья содержит в себе общую информацию о презентациях и о том как побороть страх во время презентации.

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"Becoming an excellent public speaker will help you in every part of your career. But there is an even more important reason to learn to speak well to an audience. Psychologists tell us that your level of self-esteem, or 'how much you like yourself,' largely determines the quality of your inner and outer life. The better and more persuasively you speak, the more you like yourself. The more you like yourself, the more optimistic and confident you are. The more you like yourself, the most positive and personable you are in your relationships with others. The more you like yourself, the healthier, happier, and more positive you become in everything you do."

Literature review

The 3 essential ingredients of a presentation:

The audience.Why are they there? What does one need to achieve? What do they want to listen? Will they remember what you are going to say? What is going to flip them on or off, create them comfy or uncomfortable? What is their language? What quantity do they know? Will they ask any tricky questions? What is going to they realize onerous to concentrate to? What are their business needs? What do you verify regarding them? Are you able to analyze their response? What would possibly make them hostile? Will you get comments about you from them?

You — the presenter. What is the reason why being you there? What will you want to achieve? Does presentation have a value for you? What do you look like, what do you sound like? What is going to you are doing regarding nerves? However, will you rehearse? Will you keep in mind what to say? What's about your charisma? However, will you handle questions? What will you do if they're hostile and will you retain your energy up? If you're being interviewed, how will you handle this? does one need a md or Master of Ceremonies? Is there an economical manner of handling the technology? How will you introduce yourself?

The presentation itself. What’s it making an attempt to achieve? What's it regarding? What are its limits? What visuals or handouts are would like, what technology is available? However long ought to it be? Could it need following up? Will the knowledge it contains be remembered? That elements will be tough or onerous to understand? However, will the script be prepared? What about the placement and staging?

Every of those 3 ingredients is significant to a thriving presentation — sort of a legged stool, once all the legs are there it's stable, however take away or shorten one amongst them and therefore the physical object collapses. irrespective of however well- made the presentation is, if it is badly delivered it'll fail; no matter how well-delivered the presentation is, if it doesn’t add up then it will fail. Most significantly of all, although the presentation is ideal and the presenter impressed and charismatic, if the audience isn’t interested or engaged, then the presentation will definitely fail. Of these factors and lots of additional are lined during this book. By the tip you may have a carpenter's kit for success, and presenting will ne'er be the same. Before you browse on, here could be a form regarding however you're feeling you perform once presenting. Bear this in mind as you read on.

Why provides a Presentation at All?

‘Presentation’ is a terribly inexact term — it covers everything from your initial employment interview to a retirement speech, from a customary sales talk to a health and safety lecture, a written report to a project team to look before a court –something that involves talking to an audience of additional than one or two.

Are presentations well worth the effort?

It should appear strange to start a book on presentation skills by questioning the very would like for presentations at all. This, however, are a few things that is not done strictly enough. only too typically we deliver presentations while not thinking through the real edges that this explicit method of passing info to others ought to bring, in addition to regarding ourselves with what the audience needs to achieve from the presentation.

Sensible reasons:

  • If you wish to speak time- crucial information to an oversized group of individuals;
  • If you need to influence AN audience to form a choice, modification them mind, take a collection of actions or pass on information to others, and you have to be compelled to know head to head;
  • If the audience is interested, involved or has to hear what you're about to say;
  • If you wish to show skills or provide info affordably to additional than 3 or four folks directly;
  • If you've got a transparent set of objectives for the presentation;
  • If attending the presentation can act as a bonding exercise for the people concerned;
  • If you have the time, energy and commitment to make the presentation.

Poor reasons:

  • as a result of we have a tendency to forever have shown on Thursdays;
  • If the information you're giving is already notable to the audience and the presentation neither re- interprets it or puts it into a brand new context;
  • If the audience isn’t fascinated by what you are about to say, or doesn’t have to be compelled to hear it;
  • If the audience doesn’t know why they're there, or you are undecided why you're presenting;
  • If you've got no objectives for the presentation;
  • If the audience feel they need higher things to try and do;
  • If you are in any manner hearted regarding the presentation.

Presentation Skills and Techniques

Shows skills and address skills are terribly helpful in several aspects of labor and life. Effective presentations and public speaking skills are vital in business, sales and selling, training, teaching, lecturing, and usually feeling comfy speaking to a gaggle of folks.

Developing the boldness and capability to convey sensible shows, and to square up before of an audience and speak well, also are extraordinarily useful competencies for self-development and social situations.

Presentation skills and address talents don't seem to be restricted to sure special people — anyone will provide a good presentation, or perform public speaking to an expert and spectacular standard. Like most specialisms, this needs preparation and practice.

The formats and functions of presentations is terribly different, for example: oral (spoken), multimedia system (using varied media — visuals, audio, etc.), PowerPoint shows, short impromptu presentations, long planned presentations, academic or coaching sessions, lectures, and easily giving a chat on a theme to a gaggle on a voluntary basis for pleasure. Even speeches at weddings and eulogies at

funerals are sorts of presentations. Nevertheless, each thriving presentation uses broadly speaking the essential techniques and structures explained here.

Three types of presentation might be identified

  1. Information-giving. This is predominantly descriptive, giving or summarizing information. You may be asked to do this as part of a mini-teaching session, sharing theoretical or factual information. Here the point is to see what you have understood and how you have extracted the main facts from your reading and to relay these to the group. You will need to make decisions about what information to include;
  2. Discursive. Here you will need to debate the strengths and limitations of an approach or develop an argument, exploring and weighing up different perspectives, challenging your audience to accept a different viewpoint. For this, you will need to decide your ‘angle’ — are you for or against it, weight pro and cons? Pull your audience in, challenge and confidently debate;
  3. Demonstrative. This type of presentation tends to be used in the context of training: for example, when demonstrating your ability to illustrate your understanding of a technique or teaching a practical skill to others.

Physiology, Chemistry, Stress

Worry of community speaking is actually highly connected with stress. A certainly not uncommon bodily reaction in humans whilst needing to speak in community is actually a launch of adrenaline as well as cortisol into our bodies, that

is in some cases compared to eating various mugs of coffee. Also experienced stereo feeling their coronary center thumping extremely excitedly certainly. This sensational reaction to speak in community is actually just certainly not very most efficient really experienced using beginners, and even a variety of the outstanding specialist stars as well as entertainers go through real bodily disease previously compared to taking the degree or even podium. To ensure that you may not be on my very personal. speaking in community is actually truly frightening for the majority of individuals, like lots of that externally appear extremely calmness. Our savage thoughts close down daily features since the 'combat or even flight' impulse takes control of — view fret listed below the acronyms stage (understand: there is a couple of individual material product amongst those acronyms for educating as well as screens).

However, do not fret — everyone in your target audience requirements you to prevail. The target audience is actually for your aspect (if easiest because of the truth they're extremely delighted that it is you up certainly there certainly within the highlight talking as well as currently certainly not all of them).

All of you wish to perform is actually observe the suggestions included on this web webpage, as well as the entire great deal might be remarkable. since the stating goes, don't attempt to delay the butterflies — simply obtain all of them taking flight in development.

Incidentally, the beginnings this well-known public-speaking showing up butterfly’s metaphor is actually typically provided as "there is nothing incorrect along with tummy butterflies! You just have actually to obtain all of them to take flight in development!" — view the attribution information for the butterfly’s metaphor on the inspiring prices web webpage. Therefore, exactly how perform your calmness the butterflies as well as obtain all of them taking flight in development? The service (where butterflies correspond to fret) is actually unobstructed as well as easy in the complying with maxim: To calmness the butterflies you should go to simplicity. To become protect you need to be actually guaranteed. To become guaranteed you should be actually ready as well as rehearsed. Suitable direction is actually the essential point to personal guarantee, which is actually the essential point to become comfortable, as well as this calms the butterflies, (i.e., overcomes the issue).

Appropriate assistance as well as practice session will certainly decrease your nerves with 75%, development the possibility of maintaining off mistakes to 95%. (resource: Fred Pryor business, a fantastic issuer of workshops as well as available discussion events.) As well as to ensure that is actually one of the absolute most important guideline for effective reveals as well as community speaking: prep, this implies that strategy it, as well as training/rehearse it. After that you will be actually in addition to points, as well as positive.

Emphasize key points with text and images

When you pair concise text with an image, you’re presenting the information to your audience in two simultaneous ways. This can make the information easier to remember, and more memorable. Use your images and text on slides to reinforce what you’re saying out loud.

Doing this achieves two things:

  1. When audience hears a point and simultaneously read it on the screen, it’s easier to retain;
  2. Audience members can photograph/ screen cap the slide and share it with their networks.

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Список литературы

  1. Alan Chapman. Improving presentation skills,2017.
  2. Brian Tracy. Speak to Win: How to Present with Power in Any Situation ,2008
  3. Craig C. Soft Skills: Presentation Skills ,2009
  4. https://venngage.com/blog/presentation-design/#17
  5. Suzy Siddons. The complete presentation skills handbook,2011
  6. Мирсалихова, Р.Т. Стресс и мотивация в изучении иностранных языков / Р.Т. Мирсалихова. — Текст: электронный // NovaInfo, 2022. — № 131. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19050 (дата обращения: 12.04.2022).


Даминов, С.У. Презентация и презентационные навыки / С.У. Даминов. — Текст : электронный // NovaInfo, 2022. — № 132. — С. 180-182. — URL: https://novainfo.ru/article/19221 (дата обращения: 30.09.2022).